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25 Study Matches

MT2013-31:Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Inherited Metabolic Disorders and Severe Osteopetrosis following Conditioning with Busulfan (Therapeutic Drug Monitoring), Fludarabine +/- ATG

To evaluate the ability to achieve high-level donor hematopoietic engraftment (defined as neutrophil recovery by Day +42 post-transplant and ≥ 80% donor cells on the myeloid fraction of peripheral blood at Day +100 post-transplant) using related and unrelated BM, PBSC, or UCB grafts following a reduced intensity conditioning regimen based on targeted-exposure busulfan, fludarabine +/- serotherapy in patients with inherited metabolic disorders and severe osteopetrosis.

Paul Orchard
All
up to 55 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02171104
1406M51542
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Inclusion Criteria:

• 0 through 55 years of age
• Adequate graft available
• Adequate organ function
• Eligible Diseases:
• Mucopolysaccharidosis Disorders:
• MPS IH (Hurler syndrome)
• MPS II (Hunter syndrome) if the patient has no or minimal evidence of symptomatic neurologic disease but is expected to have a neurologic phenotype
• MPS VI (Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome)
• MPS VII (Sly syndrome)
• Glycoprotein Metabolic Disorders:
• Alpha mannosidosis
• Fucosidosis
• Aspartylglucosaminuria
• Sphingolipidoses and Recessive Leukodystrophies:
• Globoid cell leukodystrophy
• Metachromatic leukodystrophy
• Niemann-Pick B patients (sphingomyelin deficiency)
• Niemann-Pick C subtype 2
• Peroxisomal Disorders:
• Adrenoleukodystrophy with cerebral involvement
• Zellweger syndrome
• Neonatal Adrenoleukodystrophy
• Infantile Refsum disease
• Acyl-CoA-Oxidase Deficiency
• D-Bifunctional enzyme deficiency
• Multifunctional enzyme deficiency
• Alpha-methylacyl-CoA Racmase Deficiency (AMACRD)
• Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestingal Encephalopathy (MNGIE)
• Severe Osteopetrosis (OP)
• Hereditary Leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids (HDLS; CSF1R mutation)
• Other Inherited Metabolic Disorders (IMD): Patients will also be considered who have other life-threatening, rare lysosomal, peroxisomal or other similar inherited disorders characterized by white matter disease or other neurologic manifestations for which there is rationale that transplantation would be of benefit, such as certain patients with Wolman's disease, GM1 gangliosidosis, I-cell disease, Tay-Sachs disease, Sandhoff disease or others.
• Voluntary written consent
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnancy - menstruating females must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days of study treatment start
• Prior myeloablative chemotherapy exposure within 4 months of the start of conditioning on this protocol (patients excluded for this reason may be eligible for other institutional protocols)
• Uncontrolled bacterial, fungal or viral infections including HIV (including active infection with Aspergillus or other mold within 30 days)
Biological: Stem Cell Transplantation, Drug: IMD Preparative Regimen, Drug: Osteopetrosis Only Preparative Regimen, Drug: Osteopetrosis Haploidentical Only Preparative Regimen, Drug: cALD SR-A (Standard-Risk, Regimen A), Drug: cALD SR-B (Standard-Risk, Regimen B), Drug: cALD HR-D (High-Risk, Regimen C), Drug: cALD HR-D (High-Risk, Regimen D)
Mucopolysaccharidosis Disorders, Hurler Syndrome, Hunter Syndrome, Maroteaux Lamy Syndrome, Sly Syndrome, Alpha-Mannosidosis, Fucosidosis, Aspartylglucosaminuria, Glycoprotein Metabolic Disorders, Sphingolipidoses, Recessive Leukodystrophies, Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy, Metachromatic Leukodystrophy, Niemann-Pick B, Niemann-Pick C Subtype 2, Sphingomyelin Deficiency, Peroxisomal Disorders, Adrenoleukodystrophy With Cerebral Involvement, Zellweger Syndrome, Neonatal Adrenoleukodystrophy, Infantile Refsum Disease, Acyl-CoA Oxidase Deficiency, D-Bifunctional Enzyme Deficiency, Multifunctional Enzyme Deficiency, Alpha-methylacyl-CoA Racmase Deficiency, Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestingal Encephalopathy, Severe Osteopetrosis, Hereditary Leukoencephalopathy With Axonal Spheroids (HDLS, CSF1R Mutation), Inherited Metabolic Disorders
Clinics and Surgery Center (CSC), allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation, bone marrow transplantation, IMD, AMACRD, MNGIE, HDLS, OP, ALD
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MT2005-25 Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in the Treatment of Infant Leukemia

To determine the incidence of engraftment (defined as achieving donor derived neutrophil count >500/uL by day 42) in young children with leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome undergoing a partially matched single unit umbilical cord blood transplant (UCBT) after a myeloablative preparative regimen consisting of busulfan, melphalan and fludarabine.

Christen Ebens
All
up to 3 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT00357565
0511M77206
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Matched sibling donor (HLA 8/8), if available, or a unrelated partially HLA matched single unit based on the following priority:
• 1st priority: 4/6 matched unit, cell dose >5 x 10-7 nucleated cells/kg
• 2nd priority: 5/6 matched unit, cell dose > 4 x 10-7 nucleated cells/kg
• 3rd priority: 6/6 matched unit, cell dose > 3 x 10-7 nucleated cells/kg
• Patients aged ≤ 3 years at diagnosis (not age of transplant) with hematological malignancy as detailed below:
• Acute myeloid leukemia: high risk CR1 as evidenced by:
• High risk cytogenetics t(4;11) or other MLL rearrangements; chromosome 5, 7, or 19 abnormalities; complex karyotype (>5 distinct changes); ≥ 2 cycles to obtain complete response (CR); CR2 or higher; Preceding myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS); All patients must be in CR or early relapse (i.e., <15% blasts in BM).
• Acute lymphocytic leukemia: high risk CR1 as evidenced by: High-risk cytogenetic: t(4;11) or other MLL rearrangements; hypodiploid; t(9;22); >1 cycle to obtain CR; CR2 or higher; All patients must be in CR as defined by hematological recovery, AND <5% blasts by light microscopy within the bone marrow with a cellularity of ≥15%.
• Myelodysplasia (MDS) IPSS Int-2 or High risk (i.e. RAEB, RAEBt) or refractory anemia with severe pancytopenia or high risk cytogenetics. Blasts must be < 10% by a representative bone marrow aspirate morphology.
• Persistent or rising minimal residual disease (MRD) after standard chemotherapy regimens: Patients with evidence of minimal residual disease at the completion of therapy or evidence of rising MRD while on therapy. MRD will be defined by either flow cytometry (>0.1% residual cells in the blast gate with immune phenotype of original leukemic clone), by molecular techniques (PCR or FISH) or conventional cytogenetics (g-banding).
• New Leukemia Subtypes: A major effort in the field of pediatric hematology is to identify patients who are of high risk for treatment failure so that patients can be appropriately stratified to either more (or less) intensive therapy. This effort is continually ongoing and retrospective studies identify new disease features or characteristics that are associated with treatment outcomes. Therefore, if new high risk features are identified after the writing of this protocol, patients can be enrolled with the approval of two members of the study committee.
• Recipients must have a Lansky score ≥ 50% and have acceptable organ function defined as:
• Renal: glomerial filtration rate > 60ml/min/1.73m^2
• Hepatic: bilirubin, AST/ALT, ALP < 5 x upper limit of normal,
• Pulmonary function: oxygen saturation >92%
• Cardiac: left ventricular ejection fraction > 45%.
• Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Active infection at time of transplantation (including active infection with Aspergillus or other mold within 30 days).
• History of HIV infection or known positive serology
• Myeloablative transplant within the last 6 months.
• Evidence of active extramedullary disease (including central nervous system leukemia).
Biological: filgrastim, Drug: busulfan, Drug: cyclosporine, Drug: fludarabine phosphate, Drug: melphalan, Drug: mycophenolate mofetil, Procedure: umbilical cord blood transplantation
Leukemia, Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission, Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission, Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts in Transformation, Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts, Refractory Anemia, De Novo Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Childhood Myelodysplastic Syndrome
MDS, AML
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MT1999-20 Hematopoietic cell transplantation in children with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia

To determine the probability of long-term disease-free survival in patients with JMML treated with busulfan (BU), cyclophosphamide (CY) and melphalan (L-PAM) followed by hematopoietic cell transplantation.

Margaret MacMillan, MD
All
up to 18 Years old
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT00167219
9911M24961
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must have a diagnosis of JMML and fulfill these minimal criteria (International diagnostic criteria for JMML):
• Leukocytosis (> 13,000) with absolute monocytosis (> 1,000)
• The presence of immature myeloid cells in the peripheral blood
• Less than 30% marrow blasts
• Absence of t(9:22) or BCR-ABL transcript
• Adequate major organ function including:
• Cardiac: ejection fraction > 45%
• Hepatic: no clinical evidence of hepatic failure (e.g. coagulopathy, ascites)
• Karnofsky performance status > 70% or Lansky score > 50%
• Creatinine must be < 2 x normal for age
• Written informed consent.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Active uncontrolled infection within one week of HCT.
Biological: Stem Cell Transplant, Drug: Preparative Regimen
Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Stem cell transplant, long term survival, retinoic acid
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An Observational Registry of Abatacept in Patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (BMS Protocol IM101240)

The objective of this study is to create an international registry with long-term follow-up to characterize and evaluate the safety of abatacept in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The primary objective of the JIA registry is to describe the long-term safety of abatacept treatment for JIA by quantifying the incidence rates of serious infections, autoimmune disorders, and malignancies.

Colleen Correll
All
up to 17 Years old
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT01357668
1403M48721
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For more information regarding BMS clinical trial participation, please visit www.BMSStudyConnect.com
Inclusion Criteria:

• Diagnosis of JIA (any subtype)
• Age < 18 years at the time of enrollment unless currently or previously enrolled in an abatacept clinical trial and received abatacept
• Receiving Abatacept at the time of enrollment as per treating physician's decision or received abatacept in a clinical trial
• Parent or legally acceptable representative willing to participate in the study and sign the informed consent
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or nursing female at the time of enrollment
• Prior malignancies if the patient has not been malignancy free for at least 5 years.
• Any serious acute or chronic medical condition other than JIA, including chronic infection, which would compromise the patient's ability to participate in the study
• Known poor compliance with clinic visits (based on physician judgment)
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
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COG APEC14B1 The Project: Every Child Protocol: A Registry, Eligibility Screening, Biology and Outcome Study Additional Title: EVERYCHILD (APEC14B1) PCR - COG Foundation

This research trial studies the Project: Every Child for younger patients with cancer. Gathering health information over time from younger patients with cancer may help doctors find better methods of treatment and on-going care.

Emily Greengard
All
up to 25 Years old
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02402244
1603M85344
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Enrollment must occur within 6 months of initial disease presentation OR within 6 months of refractory disease, disease progression, disease recurrence, second or secondary malignancy, or post-mortem
• Patients previously enrolled on ACCRN07 are eligible to enroll on Tracking Outcome, Registry and Future Contact components of APEC14B1 any time after they reach age of majority
• Patients with a known or suspected neoplasm that occurs in the pediatric, adolescent or young adult populations are eligible for enrollment as follows:
• All cancer cases with an International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICD-O) histologic behavior code of two "2" (carcinoma in situ) or three "3" (malignant)
• All neoplastic lesions of the central nervous system regardless of behavior, i.e., benign, borderline or malignant
• The following other benign/borderline conditions:
• Mesoblastic nephroma
• Teratomas (mature and immature types)
• Myeloproliferative diseases including transient myeloproliferative disease
• Langerhans cell histiocytosis
• Lymphoproliferative diseases
• Desmoid tumors
• Gonadal stromal cell tumors
• Subjects must be =< 25 years of age at time of original diagnosis, except for patients who are being screened specifically for eligibility onto a COG (or COG participating National Clinical Trials Network [NCTN]) therapeutic study, for which there is a higher upper age limit
• All patients or their parents or legally authorized representatives must sign a written informed consent and agree to participate in at least one component of the study; parents will be asked to sign a separate consent for their own biospecimen submission
• If patients or their parents or legally authorized representatives have not signed the Part A subject consent form at the time of a diagnostic bone marrow procedure, it is recommended that they initially provide consent for drawing extra bone marrow using the Consent for Collection of Additional Bone Marrow; consent using the Part A subject consent form must be provided prior to any other procedures for eligibility screening or banking under APEC14B1
Other: Cytology Specimen Collection Procedure, Other: Medical Chart Review
Carcinoma In Situ, Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Childhood Immature Teratoma, Childhood Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Childhood Mature Teratoma, Congenital Mesoblastic Nephroma, Desmoid Fibromatosis, Lymphoproliferative Disorder, Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Stromal Neoplasm
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COG APEC1621SC - NCI-COG PEDIATRIC MATCH (MOLECULAR ANALYSIS FOR THERAPY CHOICE) SCREENING PROTOCOL

The NCI-COG Pediatric MATCH (Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice) study, referred to as Pediatric MATCH, will match targeted agents with specific molecular changes identified using genomic sequencing technologies in refractory/recurrent tumors from children and adolescents with cancer. The NCI-COG Pediatric MATCH study (APEC1621) is considered one study under one IND consisting of a Master Version Control protocol, screening protocol component and multiple subprotocol components, with each component being contained in its own separate document. Each “component” consists of the protocol document and its associated informed consent document. The Master Version Control Protocol is the overarching administrative protocol that will keep an up-to-date record of the current version of the screening protocol component and each subprotocol component of Pediatric MATCH. Since each subprotocol component operates independently from the other subprotocol components contained in Pediatric MATCH, each has its own version date. Likewise, the screening protocol component has its own version date since changes in any of the subprotocols may not require changes in the screening protocol.

Emily Greengard
All
12 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03155620
STUDY00001752
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Inclusion Criteria:

• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Patients must be >= 12 months and =< 21 years of age at the time of study enrollment
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumors, including non-Hodgkin lymphomas, histiocytoses (e.g. langerhans cell histiocytosis [LCH], juvenile xanthogranuloma [JXG], histiocytic sarcoma), and central nervous system (CNS) tumors are eligible; patients must have had histologic verification of malignancy at original diagnosis or relapse except in patients with intrinsic brain stem tumors, optic pathway gliomas, or patients with pineal tumors and elevations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or serum tumor markers including alpha-fetoprotein or beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG); in cases where patient enrolls prior to histologic confirmation of recurrent disease, patient is ineligible and should be withdrawn from study if histology fails to confirm recurrence; please note: Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma and plexiform neurofibroma are not eligible
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Tumor Testing Requirement: Tumor sample availability requirement for stage 1 of Pediatric MATCH (patients enrolled from start of study in July 2017 through 12/31/21); Patients must have an formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor sample available for MATCH study testing from a biopsy or surgery that was performed at any point after initial tumor recurrence/progression, or be planned to have a procedure to obtain such a sample that is considered to be of potential benefit by the treating clinicians; a tumor sample from a clinically performed diagnostic (pre-treatment) biopsy will be acceptable for enrollment onto Pediatric MATCH only for children with high-grade gliomas of the brainstem (diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas) or thalamus
• Please note: Samples that have been decalcified using standardly utilized acid-based decalcification methods are not generally suitable for MATCH study testing; the nucleic acids will have been degraded in the decalcification process
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Tumor molecular profiling report availability requirement for Stage 2 of Pediatric MATCH (patients enrolled starting 2022): In stage 2 of the study, no tumor samples will be submitted for centralized clinical tumor profiling; instead, a tumor molecular profiling report from a College of American Pathologists (CAP)/ Clinical Laboratory Improvements Amendments (CLIA)-approved testing laboratory must be submitted for review by the Molecular Review Committee (MRC)
• This molecular profiling must have been performed on a tumor sample that was obtained at any point after initial tumor recurrence/progression and must be accompanied by a pathology report for the same tumor specimen; a molecular profiling report for a diagnostic (pre-treatment) tumor sample will be acceptable for enrollment onto Pediatric MATCH only for children with high-grade gliomas of the brainstem (diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas) or thalamus. In the event that molecular profiling reports are available from multiple timepoints, the most recent report should be prioritized for study submission
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age); note: neurologic deficits in patients with central nervous system (CNS) tumors must have been stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Patients must have radiographically measurable disease; measurable disease based on imaging obtained less than or equal to 56 days prior to enrollment; patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) positive (+) evaluable disease are eligible; measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT)
• Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or CSF
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: NOTE: patient does not need to meet all subprotocol criteria at time of enrollment onto the APEC1621SC screening protocol, but will need to meet all criteria prior to enrollment on any assigned treatment subprotocol. Patients must be enrolled onto a subprotocol within 2 weeks (14 days) of treatment assignment
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age); Note: neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: At the time of treatment with subprotocol specified therapy, the patients must have radiographically measurable disease; patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have MIBG+ evaluable are eligible; measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on standard MRI or CT
• Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or CSF
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for RECIST 1.1
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: At the time of enrollment onto a subprotocol, the following general criteria for initiation of therapy will be required:
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anticancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anticancer directed therapy prior to enrollment to the subprotocol; if after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g. blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anticancer agents known to be myelosuppressive: for agents not listed, the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment >= 21 days after the last dose of cytotoxic or myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea)
• Anticancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil counts [ANC]): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent; for agents not listed, the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1
• Corticosteroids: If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g. Neulasta) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor; for agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator
• Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
• Stem cell infusions (with or without total-body irradiation [TBI]):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion: >= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
• Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 42 days
• Cellular therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g. modified T cells, natural killer (NK) cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• X-ray therapy (XRT)/External Beam Irradiation including Protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation; note: radiation may not be delivered to "measurable disease" tumor site(s) being used to follow response to subprotocol treatment
• Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody, 131I-MIBG): >= 42 days after systemically administered radiopharmaceutical therapy
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement:
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions); these patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 ml/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: 1 to < 2 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 0.6; female 0.6
• Age: 2 to < 6 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 0.8; female 0.8
• Age: 6 to < 10 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1; female 1
• Age: 10 to < 13 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.2; female 1.2
• Age: 13 to < 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.5; female 1.4
• Age: >= 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.7; female 1.4
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine transferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L)
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients must be able to swallow intact capsules/tablets, unless otherwise specified in the subprotocol to which they are assigned
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Agent specific limitations on prior therapy will be included with specific treatment subprotocols
Exclusion Criteria:

• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies, or because there is currently no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities; pregnancy tests must be obtained in females who are post-menarchal; males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Concomitant medications
• Corticosteroids: at the time of consent and enrollment to regimen specific subprotocols, patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment to the subprotocol will not be eligible; if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Investigational drugs: patients must meet criteria for prior therapy at the time of consent and enrollment to a subprotocol; other investigational agents may not be administered to patients while they are receiving study drug as part of a subprotocol
• Anticancer agents: patients must meet criteria for prior therapy at the time of consent and enrollment to a subprotocol; other investigational agents may not be administered to patients while they are receiving study drug as part of a subprotocol
• Anti-GVHD agents post-transplant: patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients who have had a prior solid organ transplant are not eligible
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Additional agent specific criteria will be included with specific treatment subprotocols
Procedure: Biopsy, Procedure: Biospecimen Collection, Drug: Ensartinib, Drug: Erdafitinib, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Drug: Larotrectinib Sulfate, Procedure: Mutation Carrier Screening, Drug: Olaparib, Drug: Palbociclib, Other: Pharmacological Study, Drug: Samotolisib, Drug: Selpercatinib, Drug: Selumetinib Sulfate, Drug: Tazemetostat, Drug: Tipifarnib, Drug: Ulixertinib, Drug: Vemurafenib
Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Ann Arbor Stage III Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Ann Arbor Stage IV Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Histiocytic Sarcoma, Juvenile Xanthogranuloma, Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Malignant Glioma, Recurrent Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma, Recurrent Ependymoma, Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma, Recurrent Glioma, Recurrent Hepatoblastoma, Recurrent Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Recurrent Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Recurrent Medulloblastoma, Recurrent Neuroblastoma, Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Recurrent Osteosarcoma, Recurrent Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Recurrent Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Recurrent Rhabdoid Tumor, Recurrent Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Refractory Ewing Sarcoma, Refractory Glioma, Refractory Hepatoblastoma, Refractory Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Refractory Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Refractory Medulloblastoma, Refractory Neuroblastoma, Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Refractory Osteosarcoma, Refractory Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Refractory Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Refractory Rhabdoid Tumor, Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma, Rhabdoid Tumor, Stage III Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage III Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IV Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IV Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IVA Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IVB Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Wilms Tumor
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MT2015-29 : Myeloablative Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Using a Related or Adult Unrelated Donor for the Treatment of Hematological Disorders

The primary research element is to determine whether a graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis regimen of post-transplant cyclophosphamide, tacrolimus and MMF will reduce the likelihood of chronic GVHD in patients receiving a standard hematopoietic myeloablative stem cell transplant. The treatment related components of this protocol are established clinical practices and are considered non-investigational. The primary endpoint is cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD requiring systemic immunosuppressive treatment at 1 year post-transplant.

Shernan Holtan
All
up to 60 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03314974
STUDY00001087
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Age: ≤ 60 years of age
• Performance Status: Karnofsky ≥ 70%, Lansky play score ≥ 70
• Consent: Voluntary written consent (adult or legally authorized representative; or parental/guardian)
• Adequate Organ Function:
• Renal: Creatinine <2x upper limit of normal. Patients above this limit must have creatinine clearance ≥ 40 ml/min/1.73m2 as determined by an age-appropriate method, such as cystatin C GFR.
• Hepatic: Bilirubin, AST, alkaline phosphatase <4 times the upper limit of institutional normal
• Pulmonary: Diffusion capacity of oxygen, corrected for hemoglobin, > 50% of predicted. For pediatric patients not able to undergo PFTs or diffusion testing: O2 sat of >95% on room air
• Cardiac: Absence of decompensated congestive heart failure, or uncontrolled arrhythmia and left ventricular ejection fraction > 45%. For children not able to cooperate with MUGA or echocardiography, such should be clearly stated in the physician's documentation
• HIV Status: HIV infection with undetectable viral load. All HIV+ patients must be evaluated by Infectious Disease (ID) and a HIV management plan establish prior to transplantation Other
Inclusion Criteria:

• Women of child bearing potential and sexually active males with partners of child bearing potential must agree to use adequate birth control for the duration of treatment.
• Donor Availability: Patients considered for transplantation must have a sufficient graft as based on current criteria of the University of Minnesota Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program
• Eligible Diseases and Status: Patients are eligible unless their treatment is to be guided by a higher priority protocol.
• Acute Leukemias: Must be in remission by morphology (≤5% blasts). Also a small percentage of blasts that is equivocal between marrow regeneration vs. early relapse are acceptable provided there are no associated cytogenetic markers consistent with relapse.
• Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) and related precursor neoplasms: 2nd or greater complete remission (CR); first complete remission (CR1) in patients > 60 years old; CR1 in ≤ 60 years old that is NOT considered as favorable-risk.
• Favorable risk AML is defined as having one of the following:
• t(8,21) without cKIT mutation
• inv(16) or t(16;16) without cKIT mutation
• Normal karyotype with mutated NPM1 and wild type FLT-ITD
• Normal karyotype with double mutated CEBPA
• Acute prolymphocytic leukemia (APL) in first molecular remission at the end of consolidation
• Very high risk pediatric patients with AML: Patients <21 years, however, are eligible with (M2 marrow) with < 25% blasts in marrow after having failed one or more cycles of chemotherapy.
• Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)/lymphoma: second or greater CR; CR1 unable to tolerate consolidation chemotherapy due to chemotherapy-related toxicities; CR1 high-risk ALL.
• High risk ALL is defined as having one of the following:
• Evidence of high risk cytogenetics, e.g. t(9;22), t(1;19), t(4;11), other MLL rearrangements, IKZF1
• 30 years of age or older at diagnosis
• White blood cell counts of greater than 30,000/mcL (B-ALL) or greater than 100,000/mcL (T-ALL) at diagnosis
• CNS leukemia involvement during the course of disease
• Slow cytologic response (>10% lymphoblasts in bone marrow on Day 14 of induction therapy)
• Evidence of persistent immonophenotypic or molecular minimal residual disease (MRD) at the end of induction and consolidation therapy
• Very high risk pediatric patients with ALL: patients <21 years are also considered high risk CR1 if they had M2 or M3 marrow at day 42 from the initiation of induction or M3 marrow at the end of induction. They are eligible once they achieve a complete remission.
• Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia excluding refractory blast crisis: To be eligible in first chronic phase (CP1) patient must have failed or be intolerant to one or more tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
• Plasma Cell Leukemia after initial therapy, in patients who have achieved at least a partial remission
• Myeloproliferative Neoplasms/Myelofibrosis, either primary as a result of polycythemia vera or essential thrombocythemia, with disease risk of intermediate or high-risk according to DIPSS criteria. Blasts must be <10% by bone marrow aspirate morphology.
• Myelodysplasia (MDS) IPSS INT-2 or High Risk (i.e. RAEB, RAEBt) or Refractory Anemia with severe pancytopenia, transfusion dependence, or high risk cytogenetics or molecular features. Blasts must be < 10% by a representative bone marrow aspirate morphology.
• Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (CLL/SLL), Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma or Follicular Lymphoma are eligible if there was disease progression/relapse within 12 of achieving a partial or complete remission. Patients who had remissions lasting > 12 months, are eligible after at least two prior therapies. Patients with bulky disease (nodal mass greater than 5 cm) should be considered for debulking chemotherapy before transplant.
• Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell Lymphoma, Prolymphocytic Leukemia are eligible after initial therapy in CR1+ or PR1+.
• Diffuse large Cell NHL > CR/> PR: Patients in CR/PR with initial short remission (<6 months) are eligible, or those who have failed/or are not eligible for autologous transplant.
• Lymphoblastic Lymphoma, Burkitt's Lymphoma, and other high-grade NHL after initial therapy if stage III/IV in CR1/PR1 or after progression if stage I/II < 1 year.
• Multiple Myeloma beyond PR2: Patients with chromosome 13 abnormalities, first response lasting less than 6 months, or β-2 microglobulin > 3 mg/L, may be considered for this protocol after initial therapy.
• Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia
• Biphenotypic/Undifferentiated/Prolymphocytic Leukemias in first or subsequent CR.
• MRD positive leukemia (AML, ALL or accelerated/blast phase CML). Selected patients in morphologic CR, but with positive immunophenotypic (flow cytometry) or molecular evidence of MRD may be eligible if recent chemotherapy has not resulted in MRD negative status.
• Natural Killer Cell Malignancies
• Acquired Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes except for Fanconi Anemia or Dyskeratosis Congenita
• Other Leukemia Subtypes: A major effort in the field of hematology is to identify patients who are of high risk for treatment failure so that patients can be appropriately stratified to either more (or less) intensive therapy. This effort is continually ongoing and retrospective studies identify new disease features or characteristics that are associated with treatment outcomes. Therefore, if new features are identified after the writing of this protocol, patients can be enrolled with the approval of two members of the study committee.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Chemotherapy refractory large cell and high grade NHL (i.e., progressive disease after > 2 salvage regimens)
• CML in blast crisis
• Large cell lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma and Hodgkin disease that is progressing on salvage therapy.
• Evidence of progressive disease by imaging modalities or biopsy - persistent PET activity, though possibly related to lymphoma, is not an exclusion criterion in the absence of CT changes indicating progression.
• Active central nervous system malignancy
• if ≤ 18 years old, prior myeloablative transplant within the last 6 months. If >18 years old prior myeloablative allotransplant or autologous transplant
• Active HIV infection or known HIV positive serology
• active uncontrolled infection
• Pregnant or breastfeeding. The agents used in this study include Pregnancy Category D: known to cause harm to a fetus. Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to starting therapy.
Biological: HSCT with TBI Regimen, Biological: HSCT with Non-TBI Regimen
Acute Leukemia, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Lymphoma, Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, Plasma Cell Leukemia, Myeloproliferative Neoplasms, Myelofibrosis, Myelodysplasia, Refractory Anemia, High Risk Anemia, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma, Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma, Follicular Lymphoma, Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell Lymphoma, Prolymphocytic Leukemia, Diffuse Large Cell Non Hodgkins Lymphoma, Lymphoblastic Lymphoma, Burkitt Lymphoma, High Grade Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Adult, Multiple Myeloma, Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia, Biphenotypic/Undifferentiated/Prolymphocytic Leukemias, MRD Positive Leukemia, Natural Killer Cell Malignancies, Acquired Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes
AML, ALL, MDS, NHL, CLL, CML, SLL, Clinics and Surgery Center (CSC)
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Trametinib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia

This phase II trial studies how well trametinib works in treating patients (≥ 2 years and < 22 years of age) with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia that has come back or does not respond to treatment. Trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Emily Greengard
All
1 Month to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03190915
STUDY00003883
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must have had histologic verification of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) at original diagnosis and currently have relapsed or refractory disease; the diagnosis is made based on the following criteria
• JMML category 1 (all of the following): the diagnostic criteria must include all features in category 1 and EITHER (i) one of the features in category 2 OR (ii) two features from category 3 to make the diagnosis
• Splenomegaly
• > 1000 (1 x 10^9/uL) circulating monocytes
• < 20% blasts in the bone marrow or peripheral blood
• Absence of the t(9;22) or BCR/ABL fusion gene
• JMML category 2 (at least one of the following if at least two category 3 criteria are not present):
• Somatic mutation in RAS or PTPN11
• Clinical diagnosis of NF1 or NF1 gene mutation
• Homozygous mutation in CBL
• Monosomy 7
• JMML category 3 (at least two of the following if no category 2 criteria are met):
• Circulating myeloid precursors
• White blood cell count, > 10 000 (10 x 10^9/ uL)
• Increased hemoglobin F for age
• Clonal cytogenetic abnormality
• GM-CSF hypersensitivity
• Patients with refractory or relapsed JMML must have had at least one cycle of intensive frontline therapy or at least 2 cycles of a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) demethylating agent with persistence of disease, defined by clinical symptoms or the presence of a clonal abnormality; frontline therapy is defined as one cycle of intravenous chemotherapy that includes of any of the following agents: fludarabine, cytarabine, or any anthracycline but specifically excludes oral 6-mercaptopurine; frontline therapy will also include any conditioning regimen as part of a stem cell transplant; patients who transform to AML at any point with more than 20% blasts are not eligible for this trial
• Patients must have a Lansky or Karnofsky performance status score of >= 50, corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) categories 0, 1 or 2; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to study enrollment
• Myelosuppressive chemotherapy: patients must have completely recovered from all acute toxic effects of chemotherapy, immunotherapy or radiotherapy prior to study enrollment; at least 14 days must have elapsed since the completion of cytotoxic therapy, with the exception of hydroxyurea
• Note: cytoreduction with hydroxyurea can be initiated and continued for up to 24 hours prior to the start of protocol therapy
• Hematopoietic growth factors: at least 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g., pegfilgrastim) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor; for agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur
• Biologic (anti-neoplastic agent): at least 7 days must have elapsed since completion of therapy with a biologic agent; for agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period prior to enrollment must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur
• Monoclonal antibodies:
• At least 30 days after the completion of any type of immunotherapy, e.g. tumor vaccines
• At least 3 half-lives must have elapsed since prior therapy that included a monoclonal antibody
• Radiotherapy:
• >= 2 weeks must have elapsed since local palliative external radiation therapy (XRT) (small port)
• >= 6 months must have elapsed if prior craniospinal XRT was received, if >= 50% of the pelvis was irradiated, or if traumatic brain injury (TBI) was received
• >= 4 weeks must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow irradiation was given
• Stem cell transplant or rescue without TBI: no evidence of active graft versus (vs.) host disease and >= 3 months must have elapsed since transplant; >= 4 weeks must have elapsed since any donor lymphocyte infusion
• Patients must not be known to be refractory to red blood cell or platelet transfusions
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 1 month to < 6 months: 0.4 (male) 0.4 (female)
• 6 months to < 1 year: 0.5 (male) 0.5 (female)
• 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 (male) 0.6 (female)
• 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 (male) 0.8 (female)
• 6 to < 10 years: 1 (male) 1 (female)
• 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 (male) 1.2 (female)
• 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male) 1.4 (female)
• >= 16 years: 1.7 (male) 1.4 (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 3 x ULN (=< 135 U/L) (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L)
• Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL
• Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram OR ejection fraction of >= 50% by multi-gated acquisition (MUGA)
• Corrected QT (by Bazett's formula [QTcB]) interval < 450 msecs
• Patients must be able to swallow tablets or liquid; use of a nasogastric or gastrostomy (G) tube is also allowed
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding are not eligible for this study as there is yet no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities; negative pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal; patients of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of study therapy; women of childbearing potential should be advised to use effective contraception for 4 months after the last dose of trametinib; trametinib may also potentially be secreted in milk and therefore breastfeeding women are excluded; female patients should not breastfeed during treatment with trametinib, and for 4 months following the last dose; male patients must use a condom during intercourse and agree not to father a child during therapy and for 4 months following discontinuation of trametinib to avoid unnecessary exposure of trametinib to the fetus
• Concomitant Medications
• Corticosteroids: patients requiring corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for the 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible; if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Note: hydrocortisone used as a pre-medication to prevent transfusion related reactions is not considered a concomitant corticosteroid
• Investigational drugs: patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
• Anti-cancer agents: patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible (except patients receiving hydroxyurea, which may be continued until 24 hours prior to start of protocol therapy)
• Anti-graft versus host disease (GVHD) or agents to prevent organ rejection post-transplant: patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent either graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant or organ rejection post-transplant are not eligible for this trial
• Cardiac medications: any medications for treatment of left ventricular systolic dysfunction
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible
• Patients with a history of hepatic sinusoid obstructive syndrome (veno-occlusive disease) within the prior 3 months are not eligible
• Patients with a history of or current evidence/risk of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or central serous retinopathy (CSR) are not eligible
• Patients with a history of RVO or CSR, or predisposing factors to RVO or CSR (e.g., uncontrolled glaucoma or ocular hypertension
• Patients with uncontrolled systemic disease(s) such as hypertension or diabetes mellitus are not eligible; blood pressure must be =< the 95th percentile for age, height, and gender
• Patients with a history of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to the MEK inhibitor, trametinib are not eligible
• Patients with a clinical diagnosis of Noonan syndrome are not eligible; Note: patients with Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (CBL) syndrome, also known as Noonan-like syndrome, are eligible to enroll
Drug: Trametinib
Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia, Neurofibromatosis Type 1
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COG AHEP1531 - Pediatric Hepatic Malignancy International Therapeutic Trial (PHITT)

This partially randomized phase II/III trial studies how well cisplatin and combination chemotherapy works in treating children and young adults (≤ 30 years of age) with hepatoblastoma or liver cancer after surgery. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, doxorubicin, fluorouracil, vincristine sulfate, carboplatin, etoposide, irinotecan, sorafenib, gemcitabine and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving combination chemotherapy after surgery may kill more tumor cells.

Emily Greengard
All
up to 30 Years old
Phase 2/Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03533582
STUDY00003718
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients in Group F must have a body surface area (BSA) >= 0.6 m^2
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• Patients must be newly diagnosed with histologically-proven primary pediatric hepatic malignancies including hepatoblastoma or hepatocellular carcinoma, except as noted below; patients with a diagnosis of hepatocellular neoplasm, not otherwise specified, should be classified and treated per hepatoblastoma treatment arms; note that rapid central pathology review is required in some cases; please note: all patients with histology as assessed by the institutional pathologist consistent with pure small cell undifferentiated (SCU) HB will be required to have testing for INI1/SMARCB1 by immunohistochemistry (IHC) according to the practices at the institution
• Patients with histology consistent with pure SCU must have positive INI1/SMARCB1 staining
• For all Group A patients, WDF status as determined by rapid review will be used to further stratify patients to Group A1 or A2
• For Groups B, C and D, rapid review is required if patients are either >= 8 years of age or have an alphafetoprotein (AFP) =< 100 at diagnosis
• For all Groups E and F patients, rapid central pathology review is required
• In emergency situations when a patient meets all other eligibility criteria and has had baseline required observations, but is too ill to undergo a biopsy safely, the patient may be enrolled without a biopsy
• Clinical situations in which emergent treatment may be indicated include, but are not limited to, the following circumstances:
• Anatomic or mechanical compromise of critical organ function by tumor (e.g., respiratory distress/failure, abdominal compartment syndrome, urinary obstruction, etc.)
• Uncorrectable coagulopathy
• For a patient to maintain eligibility for AHEP1531 when emergent treatment is given, the following must occur:
• The patient must have a clinical diagnosis of hepatoblastoma, including an elevated alphafetoprotein (AFP), and must meet all AHEP1531 eligibility criteria at the time of emergent treatment
• Patient must be enrolled on AHEP1531 prior to initiating protocol therapy; a patient will be ineligible if any chemotherapy is administered prior to AHEP1531 enrollment
• Note: If the patient receives AHEP1531 chemotherapy emergently PRIOR to undergoing a diagnostic biopsy, pathologic review of material obtained in the future during either biopsy or surgical resection must either confirm the diagnosis of hepatoblastoma or not reveal another pathological diagnosis to be included in the analysis of the study aims
• Patients may have had surgical resection of the hepatic malignancy prior to enrollment; all other anti-cancer therapy for the current liver lesion is prohibited
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or
• A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 1 month to < 6 months: 0.4 (male and female)
• 6 months to < 1 year: 0.5 (male and female)
• 1 to < 2 years: 06 (male and female)
• 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 (male and female)
• 6 to < 10 years: 1 (male and female)
• 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 (male and female)
• 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male), 1.4 (female)
• >= 16 years: 1.7 (male), 1.4 (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) < 10 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Shortening fraction of >= 28% by echocardiogram (for patients on doxorubicin-containing regimens [Groups C, D, E2, and F] assessed within 8 weeks prior to study enrollment) or
• Ejection fraction of >= 47% by echocardiogram or radionuclide angiogram (for patients on doxorubicin-containing regimens [Groups C, D, E2, and F] assessed within 8 weeks prior to study enrollment)
• Group F patients only: QT/corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 450 milliseconds for males and =< 470 milliseconds for females (assessed within 8 weeks prior to study enrollment)
• Normal pulmonary function tests (including diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide [DLCO]) if there is clinical indication for determination (e.g. dyspnea at rest, known requirement for supplemental oxygen) (for patients receiving chemotherapy [Groups A, B, C, D, E2, F]); for patients who do not have respiratory symptoms or requirement for supplemental oxygen, pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are NOT required
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Prior chemotherapy or tumor directed therapy (i.e. radiation therapy, biologic agents, local therapy (embolization, radiofrequency ablation, and laser); therefore, patients with a pre-disposition syndrome who have a prior malignancy are not eligible
• Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug
• Patients who are currently receiving other anticancer agents
• Patients with uncontrolled infection
• Patients who previously received a solid organ transplant, other than those who previously received an orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) as primary treatment of their hepatocellular carcinoma
• Patients with hypersensitivity to any drugs on their expected treatment arm
• Group C: Patients who have known deficiency of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD)
• Group D:
• Patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease and/or bowel obstruction
• Patients with concomitant use of St. John's wort, which cannot be stopped prior to the start of trial treatment
• Group F:
• Patients with peripheral sensitive neuropathy with functional impairment
• Patients with a personal or family history of congenital long QT syndrome
• These criteria apply ONLY to patients who may receive chemotherapy (all groups other than Group E1):
• Female patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs; a pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
• Note for Group F: patients of childbearing potential should use effective birth control during treatment with sorafenib and for at least 2 weeks after stopping treatment
Drug: Carboplatin, Drug: Cisplatin, Drug: Doxorubicin, Drug: Etoposide, Drug: Fluorouracil, Drug: Gemcitabine, Drug: Irinotecan, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Drug: Oxaliplatin, Other: Patient Observation, Drug: Sorafenib, Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Childhood Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Childhood Malignant Liver Neoplasm, Fibrolamellar Carcinoma, Hepatoblastoma, Hepatocellular Malignant Neoplasm, Not Otherwise Specified
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COG AGCT1531 - A Phase 3 Study of Active Surveillance for Low Risk and a Randomized Trial of Carboplatin vs. Cisplatin for Standard Risk Pediatric and Adult Patients with Germ Cell Tumors

This partially randomized phase III trial studies how well active surveillance, bleomycin, carboplatin, etoposide, or cisplatin work in treating pediatric and adult patients with germ cell tumors. Active surveillance may help doctors to monitor subjects with low risk germ cell tumors after their tumor is removed. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as bleomycin, carboplatin, etoposide, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.

Emily Greengard
All
Not specified
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03067181
STUDY00003824
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Inclusion Criteria:

• There is no age limit for the low risk stratum (stage I ovarian immature teratoma and stage I non-seminoma or seminoma malignant GCT [all sites])
• Standard risk 1: Patient must be < 11 years of age at enrollment
• Standard risk 2: Patients must be >= 11 and < 25 years of age at enrollment
• Patients enrolling on one of the low risk arms must be newly diagnosed with a stage I germ cell tumor; for the standard risk arms, patients must be newly diagnosed with metastatic germ cell tumor (stage II or higher); histologic confirmation of a primary extracranial germ cell tumor in any of the categories outlined below is required of all patients at enrollment except for those who were initially diagnosed with stage I non-seminoma malignant GCT and later recur during observation post surgery off study; for these patients, if elevated tumor markers rise to > 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) on at least 2 measurements taken at least 1 week apart, a diagnostic biopsy is not required for enrollment
• Low risk stage I immature teratoma (IT); site: ovarian; stage: Children's Oncology Group (COG) stage I, Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IA and IB; grade: 2 or 3; histology: pure immature teratoma (may contain microscopic foci of yolk sac tumor), mixed immature and mature teratoma, (no pathological evidence of MGCT); tumor markers: alpha-FP =< 1,000 ng/mL, beta-HCG institutional normal; all ages
• Low risk stage I non-seminoma MGCT; site: ovarian, testicular, or extragonadal; stage: COG stage I, FIGO stage IA and IB, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) testicular stage IA, IB and IS; histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma (pure or mixed); all ages
• Low risk stage I seminoma-MGCT; site: testicular; stage: COG stage I; AJCC testicular stage IA IB, and IS; histology: must contain at least one of the following: may contain immature/mature teratoma; may NOT contain yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; all ages
• Standard risk 1 (SR1); site: ovarian, testicular, or extragonadal; stage: COG stage II-IV, FIGO stage IC, FIGO stage II-IV (International Germ Cell Consensus Classification [IGCCC] criteria DO NOT apply); histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; age (years) < 11
• Standard risk 2 (SR2)
• Site: ovarian; stage: COG stage II and III, FIGO stage IC, II and III; histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; age (years) >= 11 and < 25
• Site: testicular; stage: COG stage II-IV, AJCC stage II, III, IGCCC good risk; histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; tumor markers: must be IGCCC good risk; post op: alpha-FP < 1,000 ng/mL, beta-HCG < 5,000 IU/mL and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) <
• 0 x normal; age (years) >= 11 and < 25
• Site: extragonadal; stage: COG stage II; histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; age (years) >= 11 and < 25
• Notes:
• IGCCC criteria only apply to SR2 patients with a testicular primary tumor
• Use post-op tumor marker levels to determine IGCCC risk group
• Stage 1 seminoma patients are not eligible for the standard risk arms of the study
• For the low risk stage I non-seminoma MGCT and the standard risk arms, components of yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma can be mixed with other forms of GCT, such as seminoma or mature or immature teratoma; if yolk sac tumor is the only malignant component present, then it must be deemed by the pathologist to be greater than a "microscopic component" of yolk sac tumor
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, 2 or 3; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
• Organ function requirements apply ONLY to patients who will receive chemotherapy (SR1 and SR2 patients)
• Adequate renal function defined as:
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR
• A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows: (mg/dL)
• 1 month to < 6 months male: 0.4 female: 0.4
• 6 months to < 1 year male: 0.5 female: 0.5
• 1 to < 2 years male: 0.6 female: 0.6
• 2 to < 6 years male: 0.8 female: 0.8
• 6 to < 10 years male: 1 female: 1
• 10 to < 13 years male: 1.2 female: 1.2
• 13 to < 16 years: male: 1.5 female: 1.4
• >= 16 years male: 1.7 female: 1.4
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) or serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) < 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L)
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mm^3 AND
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
• Patients enrolling on the standard risk arms must be medically fit to receive protocol treatment and with no contraindications to protocol treatment
• Eligibility criteria to participate in the pilot study of the AYA-Hears instrument (patient reported outcomes [PROs] of ototoxicity) Note: participants in group 1 will not receive AGCT1531 protocol-directed therapy; all other AYA-HEARS patients must be enrolled on the AGCT1531 SR2 arm in order to participate
• >= 11 and < 25 years old at enrollment
• Able to fluently speak and read English
• Has received prior cisplatin- or carboplatin-based chemotherapy regimen for malignancy including diagnoses other than germ cell tumor
• Followed for cancer or survivorship care at one of the following institutions:
• Baylor College of Medicine/Dan L Duncan Comprehensive Cancer Center
• Dana Farber/Harvard Cancer Center
• Hospital for Sick Children
• Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario
• Oregon Health and Science University
• Seattle Children's Hospital
• Yale University
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with any diagnoses not listed including:
• Stage I testicular cancer patients who have undergone primary RPLND (retroperitoneal lymph node dissection)
• Pure dysgerminoma
• Pure mature teratoma
• Pure immature teratoma COG stage I, grade I
• Pure immature teratoma COG stage I, grade 2,3 with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) >= 1000 ng/mL
• Pure immature teratoma COG stage II - IV or FIGO stage IC to IV
• "Poor risk" GCT (age >= 11 years old and COG stage IV ovarian, COG stage III or IV EG, or IGCCC intermediate or poor risk testicular), or
• Primary central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumor
• Germ cell tumor with somatic malignant transformation
• Spermatocytic seminoma
• Patients must have had no prior systemic therapy for the current cancer diagnosis
• Patients must have had no prior radiation therapy with the exception of CNS irradiation of brain metastases; (this exception only applies to SR1 patients; any patients over age 11 with distant metastases to brain [stage IV disease] would be considered poor risk and therefore not eligible for this trial)
• Patients with significant, pre-existing co-morbid respiratory disease that contraindicate the use of bleomycin are ineligible for the standard risk arms of the trial
• Female patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs; a pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential; (this criteria applies ONLY to patients who will receive chemotherapy [SR1 and SR2 patients])
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants; (this criteria applies ONLY to patients who will receive chemotherapy [SR1 and SR2 patients])
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation; (this criteria applies ONLY to patients who will receive chemotherapy [SR1 and SR2 patients])
Other: Best Practice, Biological: Bleomycin Sulfate, Drug: Carboplatin, Drug: Cisplatin, Drug: Etoposide, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Other: Pharmacogenomic Study, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration
Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor, Extragonadal Embryonal Carcinoma, Germ Cell Tumor, Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Malignant Ovarian Teratoma, Stage I Ovarian Choriocarcinoma, Stage I Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Ovarian Teratoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Testicular Choriocarcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Testicular Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Testicular Seminoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Testicular Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Ovarian Choriocarcinoma, Stage II Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Testicular Choriocarcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Testicular Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Testicular Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Ovarian Choriocarcinoma, Stage III Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Testicular Choriocarcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Testicular Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Testicular Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IV Ovarian Choriocarcinoma, Stage IV Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IV Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Testicular Mixed Choriocarcinoma and Embryonal Carcinoma, Testicular Mixed Choriocarcinoma and Teratoma, Testicular Mixed Choriocarcinoma and Yolk Sac Tumor
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SGLT2 Inhibitors as a Novel Treatment for Pediatric Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

This is a pilot drug study to evaluate the feasibility and obtain a preliminary estimate of efficacy and safety of the SGLT2 inhibitor, empagliflozin, in adolescents with obesity (BMI-percentile ≥95th) who have MRI-confirmed NAFLD (hepatic fat fraction ≥ 5.5%) and have normal fasting glucose. We will examine changes in body composition, arterial stiffness, biomarkers of fatty liver disease, and insulin sensitivity over 26-weeks.

Justin Ryder
All
12 Years to 17 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03867487
STUDY00003825
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Inclusion Criteria:
For clinical referral to screening visit:
• Age: 12 to <20 years old
• Diagnosis of Obesity: BMI-percentile ≥95th (using age- and sex- based Center for Disease Control definitions) or BMI ≥30 kg/m2
• Elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) more than twice the upper limit of normal by gender (≥44 U/L for girls, ≥50 U/L for boys) within 3 months prior to screening (used for historic ALT value) OR diagnosis of NAFLD from ultrasound, MRI, or participants with biopsy-proven NASH within 12 moths of screening
• History of lifestyle modification to treat obesity or NAFLD To be obtained at screening visit:
• Confirmation of Obesity
• Tanner stage 2
• Normal fasting glucose tolerance (fasting blood glucose <100 mg/dL)
• If Screening ALT is used as inclusion criteria [if > 2x historic ALT value (historical value obtained clinically within 12 months of screening visit), repeated after 4 weeks [unable to randomize until completed]]. If the repeat ALT is more than 50% increased or decreased over the screening ALT, a third ALT should be obtained. If a third ALT is not within 50% of the previous value, then the subject is ineligible but may be screened at a later date. If ALT is not used:
• An ultrasound will be done to diagnose NAFLD if the diagnosis has not previously been made by ultrasound, MRI or biopsy
• A MRI-derived HFF ≥ 5.5%
• Willingness to adhere to lifestyle considerations throughout the study
Exclusion Criteria:

• ALT > 250U/L at screening
• History of significant alcohol intake or current use
• Impaired fasting glucose (>100 mg/dL)
• Diabetes (type 1 or 2)
• Current or recent (<6 months prior to enrollment) use of weight loss medication(s)
• Vitamin E supplementation
• Previous bariatric surgery
• Use of metformin
• Prior use of empagliflozin
• Lower limb infection/ulceration within 3 months of screening
• Metal or magnetic implants, devices or objects inside of or on the body, which are not MRI compatible
• Structural and functional urogenital abnormalities, that predispose for urogenital infections
• Recent initiation (<3 months prior to enrollment) of anti-hypertensive or lipid medication(s)
• Major psychiatric disorder
• Current pregnancy or plans to become pregnant.Females unwilling to be tested for pregnancy. Females will be tested for pregnancy. Females who are sexually active and not protected by an effective method of birth control (e.g. UID or medication or patch)
• Tobacco use
• Significant liver dysfunction (levels >5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)): ALT (ULN = 50 U/L) AST (ULN = 48 U/L) GGT (ULN = 48 U/L) ALP (ULN = 115 U/L)
• Platelets < 150,000 cells/mm3
• Total bilirubin 1.3 mg/dL
• INR 1.3
• Albumin <3.2 g/dL
• Gilbert's Syndrome
• Any known causes of liver disease (except NAFLD and NASH)
• Significant renal dysfunction (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] < 90 mL/min/1.73 m2),
• Diagnosed monogenic obesity
• History of cancer
• Untreated thyroid disorder
• History of decompensation events (ascites, variceal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy, or hepatocellular carcinoma)
• Current or recent (<6 months prior to enrollment) use of medication(s) associated with weight gain (e.g. atypical anti-psychotics)
Drug: Empagliflozin 10 MG, Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, NAFLD, Pediatric NAFLD
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COG ADVL1823 - Larotrectinib (LOXO-101, NSC# 788607, IND# 141824) for Previously Untreated TRK Fusion Pediatric Solid Tumors and TRK Fusion Relapsed Pediatric Acute Leukemias

This is a non-randomized, open label, phase II trial that will study the side effects and how well larotrectinib works in treating patients (≤ 30 years of age) with previously untreated TRK fusion solid tumors and TRK fusion acute leukemia that has come back. Larotrectinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Emily Greengard
All
up to 30 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03834961
STUDY00007876
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Inclusion Criteria:

• COHORT A: Patients must have a histologic diagnosis of infantile fibrosarcoma with an NTRK1, NTRK2, or NTRK3 fusion identified in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act/College of American Pathologists (CLIA/CAP) certified laboratory. Fusions may be identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or molecular techniques (reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction [RT-PCR] using primers flanking the fusion junction or next generation sequencing). For fusions identified by FISH, an ETV6 rearrangement is sufficient for eligibility in Cohort A. Identification of the upstream TRK fusion partner is not required.
• COHORT B: Patients must have a histologic diagnosis of any solid tumor other than infantile fibrosarcoma, including central nervous system (CNS) tumors but excluding high grade gliomas. An NTRK1, NTRK2, or NTRK3 fusion must be identified in a CLIA/CAP certified laboratory. Fusions may be identified by FISH or molecular techniques (RT-PCR using primers flanking the fusion junction or next generation sequencing). For fusions identified by FISH, there must be an identified rearrangement in NTRK1, NTRK2, or NTRK3 (e.g., an ETV6 rearrangement is not sufficient for eligibility) unless the patient has a diagnosis of congenital mesoblastic nephroma in which case an ETV6 rearrangement is sufficient for eligibility. Identification of the upstream TRK fusion partner is not required.
• COHORT C: Patients must have a histologic diagnosis of relapsed or refractory acute leukemia with an NTRK1, NTRK2, or NTRK3 fusion identified in a CLIA/CAP certified laboratory. Fusions may be identified by FISH or molecular techniques (RT-PCR using primers flanking the fusion junction or next generation sequencing). For fusions identified by FISH, there must be an identified rearrangement in NTRK1, NTRK2, or NTRK3 (e.g., an ETV6 rearrangement is not sufficient for eligibility). Identification of the upstream TRK fusion partner is not required.
• SOLID TUMORS (COHORTS A AND B): Patients must have measurable disease. Patients must have disease that cannot be completely resected without a predicted functional, neurologic, or significant cosmetic deficit in the opinion of the investigator.
• LEUKEMIA (COHORT C): Patients must have >= 5% blasts in the bone marrow. Extramedullary disease is permitted.
• Patients must have a Lansky or Karnofsky performance status score of >= 50, corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) categories 0, 1 or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age. NOTE: Neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment. Patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score.
• COHORTS A AND B: No prior anti-cancer therapy, including radiotherapy, other than surgical resection is permitted.
• Patients who experience recurrence after surgery alone and no other anti-cancer therapy will be eligible.
• If not eligible due to prior anticancer therapy, patients may be eligible for the larotrectinib arm of Pediatric MATCH (APEC1621A) or treatment with commercial larotrectinib off study.
• COHORT C: Patients with relapsed leukemia (Cohort C) must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment. If after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g. blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately.
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agents known to be myelosuppressive. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment.
• A waiting period prior to enrollment is not required for patients receiving standard cytotoxic maintenance chemotherapy (i.e., corticosteroid, vincristine, thioguanine [6MP], and/or methotrexate).
• A waiting period is not required for patients receiving a single dose of intrathecal methotrexate, hydrocortisone, and/or cytarabine within 7 days prior to enrollment
• >= 14 days must have elapsed after the completion of other cytotoxic therapy, with the exception of hydroxyurea, for patients not receiving standard maintenance therapy. Additionally, patients must have fully recovered from all acute toxic effects of prior therapy.
• Note: Cytoreduction with hydroxyurea must be discontinued >= 24 hours prior to the start of protocol therapy.
• Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g., not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil [ANC] counts): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment.
• Anti-cancer agents that are antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1. There is an exception for blinatumomab infusions, for which patients must have been off for at least 3 days and all drug related toxicity must have resolved to grade 2 or lower as outlined in the inclusion/exclusion criteria.
• Corticosteroids: If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid. A waiting period prior to enrollment is not required for patients receiving corticosteroid for leukemia therapy/cytoreduction.
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g. pegfilgrastim) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator.
• Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors )
• Stem cell infusions (with or without total body irradiation [TBI]):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion: >= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD).
• Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 42 days.
• Cellular therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g., modified T cells, natural killer [NK] cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• Radiation therapy (XRT)/external beam irradiation including protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial BM radiation.
• Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody): >= 42 days after systemically administered radiopharmaceutical therapy.
• Patients must not have received prior exposure to TRK inhibitors (including larotrectinib, LOXO-195, entrectinib, lorlatinib, crizotinib, or lestaurtinib).
• For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement: Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3 (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement: Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)
• For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement: Hemoglobin >=
• 0 g/dL at baseline (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions).
• Patients with solid tumors with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts above (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions). These patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity.
• For patients with leukemia: Platelet count >= 20,000/mm^3 (within 7 days prior to enrollment) (may receive platelet transfusions; must not be known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusion)
• For patients with leukemia: Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL at baseline (within 7 days prior to enrollment) (may receive RBC transfusions; must not be known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusion)
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• 1 month to < 6 months (male 0.4 mg/dL, female 0.4 mg/dL)
• 6 months to < 1 year (male 0.5 mg/dL, female 0.5 mg/dL)
• 1 to < 2 years (male 0.6 mg/dL, female 0.6 mg/dL)
• 2 to < 6 years (male 0.8 mg/dL, female 0.8 mg/dL)
• 6 to < 10 years (male 1 mg/dL, female 1 mg/dL)
• 10 to < 13 years (male 1.2 mg/dL, female 1.2 mg/dL)
• 13 to < 16 years (male 1.5 mg/dL, female 1.4 mg/dL)
• >= 16 years (male 1.7 mg/dL, female 1.4 mg/dL)
• For patients < 1 month of age, serum creatinine levels must be < 1.5 x the treating institution's creatinine upper limit of normal (ULN) for patients < 1 month of age or the creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR must be >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2.
• Patients with solid tumors: Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (within 7 days prior to enrollment). After approval of the study chair or designee, infants with a higher total bilirubin due to physiologic or breast milk jaundice are eligible if the conjugated (direct) bilirubin is =< 2 mg/dL
• Patients with solid tumors: Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (within 7 days prior to enrollment). For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
• Patients with solid tumors: Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Patients with leukemias: Conjugated (direct) bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Patients with leukemias: SGPT (ALT) =< 225 U/L (within 7 days prior to enrollment). For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
• Patients with leukemias: Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on a stable antiepileptic regimen for >= 14 days and well controlled.
• Nervous system disorders (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version [v] 5) except tendon reflex decreased resulting from prior therapy must be =< grade 2.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies, OR because there is yet no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities. Pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal. Female patients of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use a highly effective contraceptive method for the duration of study therapy and for at least one month after the final dose of larotrectinib. Males of reproductive potential with a non-pregnant female partner of child-bearing potential must use a highly effective contraception for the duration of the study and for at least one month after the final dose of larotrectinib. Because of the unknown risk of larotrectinib in nursing infants, nursing women should discontinue breastfeeding during treatment with larotrectinib and for 3 days following the final dose.
• Patients with solid tumors, including CNS tumors, requiring corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible. Patients with leukemia may receive systemic corticosteroids for cytoreduction up to 24 hours prior to the start of protocol therapy. If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid.
• Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible.
• Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible [except leukemia patients receiving corticosteroids or hydroxyurea, which may be continued until 24 hours prior to start of protocol therapy]. Patients with leukemia should receive a single dose of intrathecal cytarabine, hydrocortisone, and/or methotrexate within 7 days prior to Day 1 of Cycle 1 at the time of the baseline lumbar puncture.
• Patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial.
• Patients currently receiving a strong CYP3A4 inducer or inhibitor are not eligible. Strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 should be avoided from 14 days prior to enrollment to the end of the study. Note: CYP3A4 inducing anti-epileptic drugs and dexamethasone for CNS tumors or metastases, on a stable dose, are allowed.
• Patients with malabsorption syndrome or other conditions that significantly limit enteral absorption are not eligible.
• Patients who are unable to swallow capsules or liquid and do not have gastric access via a nasogastric or gastrostomy tube are not eligible.
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible.
• Patients who have received prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible.
• Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible.
• Patients with high grade gliomas (HGG) are not eligible.
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent.
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met.
Drug: Larotrectinib Sulfate
Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Infantile Fibrosarcoma, Recurrent Acute Leukemia, Refractory Acute Leukemia, Solid Neoplasm
Larotrectinib, TRK fusion, NTRK fusion, Infantile fibrosarcoma
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Smart Use of Medication for the Treatment of Adolescent Severe Obesity (SMART)

This is a single site, 2-staged sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART) that will systematically examine: 1) the optimal timing (12- versus 24 weeks) for identifying non-responders to lifestyle modification therapy (LSMT) before starting adjunct pharmacotherapy with phentermine and 2) for non-responders to LSMT+phentermine, the relative effect of adding topiramate to LMST+phentermine versus switching to LSMT+topiramate monotherapy. All participants will receive a total of 48 weeks of intervention.

Claudia Fox
All
12 Years to 17 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04007393
STUDY00006824
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Provision of signed and dated informed assent form;
• Provision of signed and dated informed parental consent form from at least 1 legal parent/guardian;
• Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures and availability for the duration of the study;
• BMI >/= 1.2 times the 95th percentile or BMI >/= 35 Kg/m2, whichever is lower;
• Tanner stage >/= 2;
• Male or female, aged 12-17 at time of consenting;
• For females of reproductive potential: when sexually active, agreement to use highly effective contraception (oral contraceptive pill, intra-uterine device (IUD), or implant) during study participation;
• For males of reproductive potential: use of condoms or other methods to ensure effective contraception with partner.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Contraindications to phentermine or topiramate use according to package inserts, including: history of glaucoma; current or recent (< 14 days) use of monoamine oxidase inhibitor; known hypersensitivity to sympathomimetic amines; current pregnancy, plans to become pregnant, or if sexually active refusal to use 2 forms of birth control; history of cardiac disease including coronary artery disease; clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias; heart failure or uncontrolled hypertension;
• Diabetes (type 1 or 2);
• Presence of cardiac pacemaker;
• Current or recent (<6 months prior to enrollment) use of weight loss medication(s);
• Current use of weight-altering medication(s) (e.g., atypical antipsychotic, metformin) unless dose has been stable for past 6 months;
• Current use of other sympathomimetic amine such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) stimulants;
• Seizure disorder (other than infantile febrile seizure);
• Previous bariatric surgery;
• Recent initiation of change in dose (< 3 months prior to enrollment) of anti-hypertensive or lipid medication(s);
• Tobacco use
• History of or current diagnosis of schizophrenia, psychosis, mania, chemical dependency;
• Unstable depression or anxiety that has required hospitalization in the past year;
• Any history of suicide attempt;
• Suicidal ideation or self-harm within 12 months prior to enrollment;
• Bicarbonate < 18 mmol/L;
• Creatinine > 1.2 mg/dL;
• History of cholelithiasis;
• History of nephrolithiasis;
• Untreated thyroid disorder;
• Hyperthyroidism;
• Breastfeeding
Behavioral: Lifestyle Modification Therapy (LSMT), Drug: Phentermine Pill, Drug: Topiramate Pill
Adolescent Obesity
Clinics and Surgery Center (CSC)
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Neural Correlates of the Shift in Social Buffering of Social Evaluative Threat

This study is one of three studies on an NIH-funded project addressing the effectiveness of parents in buffering children and adolescents from the physiological and brain responses to stress. This study uses MRI scanning to measure the brain response to social evaluative stress (giving a speech and doing math problems in front of a panel of judges) as well as the impact of the presence of various social partners (no one, researcher, or parent) in buffering the physiological and brain responses to social evaluative stress.

All
11 Years to 14 Years old
N/A
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04211155
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Inclusion Criteria:

• sufficient vision to complete assent and study procedures
• sufficient hearing to complete assent and study procedures
• sufficient language skills to provide verbal and written assent
Exclusion Criteria:

• Premature birth (less than 37 weeks)
• congenital and/or chromosomal disorders (e.g. cerebral palsy, FAS, mental retardation, Turner Syndrome, Down Syndrome, Fragile X)
• Autism Spectrum Disorders
• history of serious medical illness (e.g., cancer, organ transplant)
• youth taking systemic glucocorticoids
• youth taking beta-adrenergic medications
• diagnoses of psychiatric illness, seizure disorder or other neurological disorders
• contraindications for MRI (implanted medical device; presence of non-removal metal in or on the body, including piercings, orthodontic braces or certain permanent retainers)
• known pregnancy
• tattoos
• history of significant claustrophobia
Other: Questionnaires, Other: MRI
Social Stress, Adolescent Behavior
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Effects of Music Based Intervention (MBI) on Neurodevelopment and Pain Response in Preterm Infants

Study design: Pilot prospective randomized, double blinded, controlled study to test effect of music based intervention (MBI) on pain response and neuro development in preterm infants. Aim 1: Characterize differences in preterm pain responses between MBI and controls.The objective of this aim is to understand the behavioral processes of MBI on pain in preterm infants by comparing the PIPP and EEG pain responses in the MBI and control cohorts. Aim 2: Identify differences between MBI and controls in preterm brain maturation and early neurodevelopment.The objective of this aim is to explore biological mechanisms of MBI on preterm brain maturation and neurodevelopment using electroencephalography (EEG) and event related potentials (ERPs).

Sonya Wang
All
28 Weeks to 32 Weeks old
N/A
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04286269
STUDY00008369
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Preterm infant born at 30 weeks (+/- 2 weeks)
• Medically stable
Exclusion Criteria:

• Treatment for major organ system disease
• Significant neurological disorder including, but not limited to, abnormal neurological examination, neonatal abstinence syndrome, intraventricular hemorrhage, seizures, meningitis, or congenital brain malformations
• Scalp lesions affecting EEG placement
Other: Music Based Intervention, Other: Sham Treatment
Preterm Birth, Pain
Music Based Intervention, Preterm Infant Pain Profile
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A Partially-Blind, Randomized, Parallel-Group Dose Ranging Study to Determine the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of AeroFactTM (Aerosolized SF-RI 1) Administered by nCPAP versus nCPAP alone in the Treatment of Preterm Infants at Risk for Worsening Respiratory Distress Syndrome

A Partially-Blind, Randomized, Controlled, Parallel-Group Dose Ranging Study to Determine the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of AeroFactTM (SF-RI 1 surfactant for inhalation combined with a dedicated drug delivery system) in Preterm Infants at Risk of Worsening Respiratory Distress Syndrome. To determine an optimal dose of AeroFact™ administered to preterm infants on nCPAP or nIMV vs. nCPAP or nIMV alone in reducing the incidence of intubation/cannulation and bolus surfactant instillation in the first 7 days after birth. To evaluate pulmonary outcomes and respiratory resource utilization at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months PMA

Catherine Bendel
All
26 Weeks to 31 Weeks old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03969992
STUDY00007630
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Parental consent obtained prior to study procedures being performed (pre-natal consent is allowed)
• 26 0/7 to 30 6/7 weeks of gestational age
• Weight <2.0 Kg
• Respiratory Severity Score (RSS) 1.4-2.0
Exclusion Criteria:

• Apgar score less than or equal to 5 at five minutes after birth
• Need for chest compressions or administration of epinephrine or bicarbonate in the delivery room
• Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) > 14 days
• Need for intubation and/or mechanical ventilation prior to enrollment
• Active pneumothorax requiring chest tube
• Significant congenital anomaly, chromosomal abnormality
• Concomitant treatments with inhaled nitric oxide
Drug: AeroFact, Other: nCPAP
Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Premature Infant
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, BPD, surfactant, Preterm Infant
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Does Social Buffering Continue to be Effective Over the Peripubertal Period When Friends Share the Stressor Experience?

The purpose of this experiment is to determine whether social buffering of stress physiology by friends remains effective later in puberty when the friend shares the load versus when they provide support but are not undergoing the stressor with the target child. There are four conditions: (1) Friend and Target both undergo the stressor, (2) Friend provides support but does not undergo the stressor, (3) Unfamiliar Peer and Target undergo the stressor, and (4) Alone (no partner).

All
11 Years to 14 Years old
N/A
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04311996
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Inclusion Criteria:

• sufficient vision, hearing, and language skills to provide verbal and written assent
• ability to see and read stimuli presented on the computer screen
• ability to hear verbal instructions provided by the experimenter and judges
Exclusion Criteria:

• premature birth (less than 37 weeks)
• congenital and/or chromosomal disorders (e.g. cerebral palsy, FAS, mental retardation, Turner Syndrome, Down Syndrome, Fragile X)
• Autism Spectrum Disorders
• history of serious medical illness (e.g., cancer, organ transplant)
• serious psychiatric illness
• systemic glucocorticoids or beta-adrenergic medication use
Other: Questionnaires, Other: TSST
Adolescent Behavior, Social Stress
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Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Safety Profile of Understudied Drugs Administered to Children per Standard of Care / (POPS): NICHD-2019-POP02 (including COVID-19 drugs) (POPS or POP02)

The majority of drugs administered to children are used off label, and PK studies to define appropriate dosing are lacking across pediatric age groups and special populations of children. Challenges associated with clinical trials in children limit the ability to conduct PK and dosing trials in this population. Studies capitalizing on standard-of-care procedures have proven successful in characterizing the PK of drugs used in children. The purpose of this study is to characterize the PK of understudied drugs administered to children per SOC as prescribed by their treating provider. This study will serve as a tool to better understand drug exposure in children receiving drugs per SOC. The data collected through this initiative will provide valuable PK and dosing information for drugs in different pediatric age groups as well as special populations of children, such as premature infants, critically ill children receiving ECMO or CRRT, children with Down syndrome and children with obesity, for which dosing may vary due to altered PK. In addition, the data collected in this study will serve as preliminary data to design and plan the best and most efficacious BPCA trials, proof-of-concept studies associated with biomarkers, and data to support applications for extramural funding. All of the drugs studied in this protocol are used as standard of care in children and are approved in adults. There will be multiple INDs held by the core study Principal Investigator: Danny Benjamin, MD, PhD (IND Sponsor) Kiser-Arena Distinguished Professor of Pediatrics, Duke University Faculty Associate Director, Duke Clinical Research Institute PO Box 17969 Durham NC 27715 Phone: 919-668-8295 Fax: 919-681-9457 danny.benjamin@duke.edu The Funding Sponsor is The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) NOTE: We will be participating in the COVID 19 arm of this study, which includes 6 drugs of interest (DOI). All other arms are on hold currently; and focus has been placed on the COVID 19 arm. However, in the future we may be interested in participating in other DOIs. The details of this arm of the study will be provided at the end of this document. (See Appendix P, pages 82-86 of main protocol)

Catherine Bendel
All
up to 20 Years old
NA
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04278404
STUDY00009884
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Participant is < 21 years of age
• Parent/ Legal Guardian/ Adult Participant can understand the consent process and is willing to provide informed consent/HIPAA:
• (a) Participant is receiving one or more of the study drugs of interest at the time of enrollment or (b) Participant is NOT receiving one or more of the study drugs of interest but is SARS-COV-2 positive within 60 days prior to enrollment
Exclusion Criteria:

• Participant has a known pregnancy Below exclusion criteria apply only to participants receiving one or more of the study drugs of interest at the time of enrollment,
• Has had intermittent dialysis within previous 24 hours
• Has had a kidney transplant within previous 30 days
• Has had a liver transplant within previous 1 year
• Has had a stem cell transplant within previous 1 year
• Has had therapeutic hypothermia within previous 24 hours
• Has had plasmapheresis within the previous 24 hours
• Has a Ventricular Assist Device
• Has any condition which would make the participant, in the opinion of the investigator, unsuitable for the study
Drug: The POP02 study is collecting bodily fluid samples (i.e., whole blood, effluent samples) of children prescribed the following drugs of interest per standard of care:
Coronavirus Infection (COVID-19), Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Urinary Tract Infections in Children, Hypertension, Pain, Hyperphosphatemia, Primary Hyperaldosteronism, Edema, Hypokalemia, Heart Failure, Hemophilia, Menorrhagia, Insomnia, Pneumonia, Skin Infection, Arrythmia, Asthma in Children, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Adrenal Insufficiency, Fibrinolysis, Hemorrhage, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C), Kawasaki Disease, Coagulation Disorder, Down Syndrome
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Outcomes and Health Care Resource Utilization in Pediatric Congenital Heart Disease Patients Undergoing Non-Cardiac Procedures

All
up to 21 Years old
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04604418
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Males or females ages birth to 21 years.
• Patients diagnosed with congenital heart disease
• Patients undergoing a noncardiac procedure (surgical or nonsurgical)
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with congenial heart disease undergoing a cardiac surgical procedure including pacemakers.
• Patients with congenital heart disease undergoing a catheterization(diagnostic or interventional) or an electrophysiology study
Other: No intervention. It is observational
Congenital Heart Disease in Children
Perioperative risk prediction, Adverse Postoperative Outcomes
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Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Augment Behavior Therapy for Tics

The study will examine whether combining Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT) with inhibition of the supplementary motor area (SMA) using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) normalizes activity in the SMA-connected circuits, improves tic suppression ability, and enhances CBIT outcomes in young people with tic disorder. The study will also examine different TMS dosing strategies.

Christine Conelea
All
Not specified
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04578912
STUDY00010519
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Inclusion Criteria:
-- 12-21 years old -- right-handed -- able to undergo MRI -- currently experiencing chronic motor and/or vocal tics
Exclusion Criteria:
-- currently receiving therapy focused on tics -- currently taking neuroleptic/antipsychotic medications
Behavioral: Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT), Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS), Device: Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (cTBS)
Brain & Nervous System, Children's Health, Mental Health & Addiction, Tic Disorders, Tics, Tic, Motor, Tic Disorder, Childhood, Tourette Syndrome, Tourette Syndrome in Children, Tourette Syndrome in Adolescence
CBIT, TMS, Tourette's, neurodevelopmental disorders, tics, transcranial magnetic stimulation
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A Phase 1/2 Study of the Oral RET Inhibitor LOXO-292 in Pediatric Patients with Advanced RET-Altered Solid or Primary Central Nervous System Tumors; Protocol Number: LOXO-RET-18036 (J2G-OX-JZJJ) (LIBRETTO-121)

This is an open-label, multi-center, Phase 1/2 study of oral LOXO-292 in pediatric patients with an activating RET alteration and an advanced solid or primary CNS tumor.

Emily Greengard
All
6 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03899792
STUDY00008874
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Advanced or metastatic solid or primary CNS tumor which has failed standard of care therapies
• Evidence of an activating RET gene alteration in the tumor and/or blood
• Measurable or non-measurable disease
• Karnofsky (participants 16 years and older) or Lansky (participants younger than 16) performance score of at least 50
• Participant with primary CNS tumors or cerebral metastases must be neurologically stable for 7 days prior and must not have required increasing doses of steroids within the last 7 days
• Adequate hematologic, hepatic and renal function.
• Ability to receive study drug therapy orally or via gastric access
• Willingness of men and women of reproductive potential to observe conventional and effective birth control
Exclusion Criteria:

• Major surgery within two weeks prior to planned start of LOXO-292
• Clinically significant, uncontrolled cardiac, cardiovascular disease or history of myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to planned start of LOXO-292
• Active uncontrolled systemic bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic infection
• Clinically significant active malabsorption syndrome
• Pregnancy or lactation
• Uncontrolled symptomatic hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism (i.e. the participant required a modification to current thyroid medication in the 7 days before start of LOXO-292)
• Uncontrolled symptomatic hypercalcemia or hypocalcemia
• Known hypersensitivity to any of the components of the investigational agent, LOXO-292 or Ora-Sweet® SF and OraPlus®, for participants who will receive LOXO-292 suspension
• Prior treatment with a selective RET inhibitor(s) (including investigational selective RET inhibitor[s])
Drug: LOXO-292
Medullary Thyroid Cancer, Infantile Myofibromatosis, Infantile Fibrosarcoma, Papillary Thyroid Cancer, Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Loxo, LOXO-292, KIF5B-RET, M918T, CCDC6-RET, RET-PTC1, NCOA4-RET, RET-PTC, RET-PTC3, RET-PTC4, PRKAR1A-RET, RET-PTC2, GOLGA5-RET, RET-PTC5, ERC1-RET, KTN1-RET, RET-PTC8, HOOK3-RET, PCM1-RET, TRIM24-RET, RET-PTC6, TRIM27-RET, TRIM33-RET, RET-PTC7, AKAP13-RET, FKBP15-RET, SPECC1L-RET, TBL1XR1-RET, BCR-RET, FGRF1OP-RET, RFG8-RET, RET-PTC9, ACBD5-RET, MYH13-RET, CUX1-RET, KIAA1468-RET, FRMD4A-RET, SQSTM1-RET, AFAP1L2-RET, PPFIBP2-RET, EML4-RET, PARD3-RET, G533C, C609F, C609G, C609R, C609S, C609Y, C611F, C611G, C611S, C611Y, C611W, C618F, C618R, C618S, C620F, C620R, C620S, C630R, C630Y, D631Y, C634F, C634G, C634R, C634S, C634W, C634Y, K666E, E768D, L790F, V804L, V804M, A883F, S891A, R912P, CLIP1-RET, Y806C, RET fusion, RET alteration, RET mutation, RET rearrangement, RET translocation, Neoplasms by Site, Neoplasms, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Lung Neoplasms, Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung, Cancer of Lung, Cancer of the Lung, Lung Cancer, Neoplasms, Lung, Neoplasms, Pulmonary, Pulmonary Cancer, Pulmonary Neoplasms, Respiratory Tract Neoplasms, Lung Diseases, Respiratory Tract Diseases, Carcinoma, Bronchogenic, Bronchial Neoplasms, Medullary Thyroid Cancer, Papillary Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Diseases, Thyroid Neoplasms, Cancer of the Thyroid, Cancer of Thyroid, Neoplasms, Thyroid, Thyroid Adenoma, Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Carcinoma, Endocrine System Diseases, Endocrine Gland Neoplasms, Head and Neck Neoplasms, Thoracic Neoplasms, CNS tumor, Primary CNS tumor, Colonic Neoplasms, Cancer of Colon, Cancer of the Colon, Colon Cancer, Colon Neoplasms, Colonic Cancer, Neoplasms, Colonic, Malignant tumor of Breast, Mammary Cancer, Mammary Carcinoma, Human, Mammary Neoplasm, Human, Neoplasms, Breast, Tumors, Breast, Human Mammary Carcinoma, Malignant Neoplasm of Breast, Breast Carcinoma, Breast Tumors, Cancer of the Breast, Breast Neoplasms, Breast Cancer, RET Inhibitor, MTC, NSCLC, Soft tissue sarcoma, Infantile Myofibromatosis, Infantile Fibrosarcoma
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Treatment for Pediatric Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease with Polylactose: A Novel Prebiotic

This study will test whether or not a prebiotic, polylactose, is safe and effective in reducing fat depositions in the liver in individuals who have been diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Justin Ryder
Pilot
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04100109
STUDY00007385
Obesity, Adolescent, Obesity, Childhood
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Effect and safety of liraglutide 3.0 mg on weight management in children with obesity aged 6 to < 12 years: 56-week, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial

This study will compare the effect of liraglutide 3.0 mg subcutaneous once daily versus liraglutide placebo on weight management in children aged 6 to <12 years with placebo. The study will also compare the effect of liraglutide 3.0 mg s.c. once daily versus placebo in children aged t to 12 years with obesity on cardiovascular risk factors and metabolism.

Claudia Fox
Phase III
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04678323
STUDY00011812
Obesity, Childhood
Obesity
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Lifestyle Counseling and Medication for Adolescent Weight Management (QUEST)

This study will compare the effectiveness and durability of intensive behavioral counseling vs. medical management plus low-intensity behavioral counseling on BMI, body fat, cardiometabolic risk factors, and quality of life in adolescents with severe obesity. We hypothesize that liraglutide plus low-intensity behavioral counseling will elicit superior reductions in BMI (primary efficacy endpoint) and body fat and greater improvements in cardiometabolic risk factors and quality of life compared to intensive behavioral counseling at 56 weeks.

Aaron Kelly
All
12 Years to 17 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04873245
STUDY00012932
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Severe obesity (Body Mass Index (BMI) >/= 120% of the 95th percentile or BMI >/= 35 kg/m2)
• Age 12 to < 18 years old and Tanner stage >1
Exclusion Criteria:

• Diabetes (type 1 or 2)
• Current or recent (< 6 months prior to enrollment) use of anti-obesity medication(s) defined as orlistat, phentermine, topiramate, combination phentermine/topiramate, liraglutide (or other GLP-1RA) and/or combination naltrexone/bupropion (monotherapy use of naltrexone or bupropion is not an exclusion)
• Previous bariatric surgery
• Any history of treatment with growth hormone
• Medically-documented history of bulimia nervosa
• Major psychiatric disorder as determined by the local medical monitor
• Unstable depression requiring hospitalization within the previous 6 month
• Any history of suicide attempt
• History of suicidal ideation or self-harm within the previous 30 days
• Current pregnancy or plans to become pregnant
• ALT or AST >/= 5 times the upper limit of normal
• Creatinine > 1.2 mg/dL
• Uncontrolled hypertension as determined by the local medical monitor
• Diagnosed and medically-documented monogenic obesity
• Medically-documented history of cholelithiasis
• Untreated thyroid disorder
• Medically documented history of pancreatitis
• Personal or family history of medullary thyroid carcinoma or multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 2
• Clinically significant heart disease as determined by the local medical monitor
• Personal history of malignant neoplasms within the past five years
• Hypersensitivity to any component of semaglutide
Behavioral: Intensive Behavioral Program, Drug: Semaglutide and Behavioral Program
Obesity, Childhood
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Targeting Family Meal Quality and Quantity to Reduce Childhood Obesity Using Ecological Momentary Intervention (EMI) and Video Feedback

The proposed study is an individual three-arm randomized controlled tiled aimed at utilizing state-of-the-art intervention methods to examine whether increasing the quality and the quantity of family meals reduces childhood obesity.

Jerica Berge
NA
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02669797
STUDY00000706
Childhood Obesity
Childhood Obesity, Ecological Momentary Intervention, Video Feedback
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