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298 Study Matches

COG ACNS1422 - A Phase 2 Study of Reduced Therapy for Newly Diagnosed Average-Risk WNT-Driven Medulloblastoma Patients

Patients greater than or equal to 3 years of age and < 22 years of age with newly diagnosed type of brain tumor called WNT)/Wingless (WNT)-driven medulloblastoma using reduced craniospinal radiotherapy.

Christopher Moertel, MD
All
3 Years to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02724579
STUDY00002501
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be newly diagnosed and have:
• Eligibility confirmed by rapid central pathology and molecular screening review on APEC14B1:
• Classical histologic type (non LC/A) WNT medulloblastoma
• Positive nuclear beta-catenin by immunohistochemistry (IHC)
• Positive for CTNNB1 mutation
• Negative for MYC and MYCN by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
• Patient must have negative lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology
• Note: CSF cytology for staging should be performed no sooner than 14 days post operatively to avoid false positive CSF; ideally, CSF should be obtained between day 14 and day 21 to allow for final staging status before enrollment onto the study; patients with positive CSF cytology obtained 0 to 14 days after surgery should have cytology repeated to determine eligibility and final CSF status; patients with negative CSF cytology from lumbar puncture obtained 0 to 14 days after surgery do not need cytology repeated; patients with negative CSF cytology from lumbar puncture obtained prior to surgery do not need cytology repeated post-operatively
• Patients must have eligibility confirmed by Rapid Central Imaging Review on APEC14B1; patients must have =< 1.5 cm^2 maximal cross-sectional area of residual tumor; whole brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with and without gadolinium and spine MRI with gadolinium must be performed
• Patients must be enrolled, and protocol therapy must be projected to begin, no later than 36 days after definitive diagnostic surgery (day 0)
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL
• Platelet count >= 100,000/uL (transfusion independent)
• Hemoglobin >= 10.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions)
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• 3 to < 6 years of age: maximum (max) serum creatinine 0.8 mg/dL (males and females)
• 6 to < 10 years of age: max serum creatinine 1 mg/dL (males and females)
• 10 to < 13 years of age: max serum creatinine 1.2 mg/dL (males and females)
• 13 to < 16 years of age: max serum creatinine 1.5 md/dL (males) and 1.4 md/dL (females)
• >= 16 years of age: max serum creatinine 1.7 mg/dL (males) and 1.4 mg/dL (females)
• The threshold creatinine values were derived from the Schwartz formula for estimating GFR utilizing child length and stature data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
• Total or direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age, and
• Serum glutamate pyruvate (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (3x ULN); for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
• Central nervous system function defined as:
• Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on anticonvulsants and well controlled
• Patients must not be in status epilepticus, a coma or on assisted ventilation at the time of study enrollment
• Patients must have receptive and expressive language skills in English, French, or Spanish to complete the QoL and neurocognitive assessments; if a patient meets these criteria but the parent/guardian speaks a language other than English, French, or Spanish, the patient may still be enrolled and tested, and the parent-report measures should be omitted
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with metastatic disease by either MRI evaluation (brain and spine) or lumbar CSF cytology are not eligible; patients who are unable to undergo a lumbar puncture for assessment of CSF cytology are ineligible
• Patients must not have received any prior radiation therapy or chemotherapy (tumor-directed therapy) other than surgical intervention and/or corticosteroids
• Pregnancy and Breast Feeding
• Female patients who are pregnant are ineligible due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies
• Lactating females are not eligible unless they have agreed not to breastfeed their infants
• Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy test result has been obtained
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential are not eligible unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
• Patients with a history of moderate to profound intellectual disability (i.e., intelligence quotient [Q)]=< 55) are not eligible for enrollment; PLEASE NOTE: Children with a prior history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or a specific learning disability (e.g., dyslexia) are eligible for this study
Drug: Cisplatin, Drug: Cyclophosphamide, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Drug: Lomustine, Radiation: Radiation Therapy, Drug: Vincristine, Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Medulloblastoma
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A Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability and Preliminary Efficacy of ASP0367 (MA-0211) in Pediatric Male Participants With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)

Double Blind Phase 1b Study to assess ASP0367 in pediatric male patients with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Male
8 Years to 16 Years old
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04184882
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Subject has a diagnosis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) (confirmed by Central Genetic Counselor) defined as a clinical picture consistent with typical DMD and 1 of the following:
• Dystrophin immunofluorescence and/or Western blot showing severe dystrophin deficiency consistent with the diagnosis of DMD.
• Identifiable mutation within the DMD gene (deletion/duplication of 1 or more exons), where reading frame can be predicted as "out-of-frame"
• Complete dystrophin gene sequencing showing an alteration (point mutation, duplication or other) that is expected to preclude production of the functional dystrophin protein (i.e., nonsense mutation or deletion/duplication leading to a downstream stop codon).
• A male subject of reproductive potential (Tanner Stage 2 and above) must agree to do either of the following from screening throughout the study until 30 days after the last dose of the investigational product (IP):
• Abstain from sexual intercourse, OR
• If having heterosexual intercourse, must use a condom and their female partners who are of childbearing potential must use a highly effective contraception method.
• Subject has been on a stable regimen of corticosteroids for 6 months prior to the time of enrollment (at baseline).
• Subject has been on stable cardiac therapy for 3 months prior to the time of enrollment (at baseline), if used, which may include prophylactic angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE), angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB), aldosterone receptor antagonists (e.g., spironolactone, eplerenone), and/or beta-blocker therapy or a combination therapy thereof.
• Subject is unable to complete the 10 meter run/walk in <6 seconds at screening.
• Subject has a PUL 2.0 entry item A score of 4, 5 or 6 at screening.
• Subject and subject's parent(s) or legal guardian agrees not to participate in another interventional study while participating in the present study.
• For those subjects receiving exon-skipping therapy, the subject has been on a stable dose regimen with a single commercially-available product for at least 6 months prior to randomization at baseline.
• For those subjects using metformin, the subject has been on a stable dose of metformin for 3 months prior to the time of enrollment (at baseline) and the investigator expects the subject to maintain the current metformin dose.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Subject has had an acute illness (i.e., upper respiratory or viral infection) within 4 weeks prior to study enrollment (at baseline), which precludes participation.
• Subject has a cardiac ejection fraction < 55% on echocardiogram at screening.
• Subject has a mean QT interval from triplicate electrocardiogram (ECG) using Fridericia's correction (QTcF) of > 450 msec at screening. If the mean QTcF exceeds the limits stated above, 1 additional triplicate ECG can be taken and utilized at screening.
• Subject has cardiac troponin I (cTnI) above the upper limit of normal (ULN) at screening and is assessed clinically significant.
• Subject has used coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), idebenone, carnitine, or other mitochondrial focused supplements or drugs within 4 weeks prior to randomization at baseline. In addition, subject has used any peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) ligands such as fibrates and thiazolidinediones 4 weeks prior to randomization at baseline.
• Subject has a known or suspected hypersensitivity to ASP0367, or any components of the formulation used.
• Subject has inadequate renal function, as defined by serum Cystatin C > 2 x ULN at screening.
• Subject who has any of the following liver function tests elevated: gamma-glutamyl transferase [GGT] and/or total bilirubin [TBL]) > 1.5 x ULN at screening.
• Subject who has a positive test result for hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies (immunoglobulin M [IgM]), hepatitis B surface (HBs) antigen, hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antigen/antibody at screening.
• Subject has mental conditions such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder.
• Subject has a history of suicide attempt, suicidal behavior or has any suicidal ideation within 1 year prior to screening that meets criteria at a level of 4 or 5 by using the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) or who is at significant risk to commit suicide, as assessed at screening or at baseline.
• Subject has severe behavioral or cognitive problems that preclude participation in the study.
• Subject has any condition, which makes the subject unsuitable for study participation.
• Subject is taking any other investigational therapy currently or has taken any other investigational therapy within 3 months prior to the time of enrollment (at baseline).
• Subject and parent/guardian are unwilling and unable to comply with scheduled visits, IP administration plan and study procedures.
• Subject has had clinical signs and symptoms consistent with coronavirus (SARSCoV-2) infection or who has tested positive within 2 months prior to randomization at baseline.
• Subject whose parent(s) and/or caregiver(s) have increased risk of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) exposure from work history (e.g., nursing home, meat processing facility and correctional facility) or recent travel history unless the subject's parent(s) and/or caregiver(s) have been appropriately vaccinated with one of the COVID-19 vaccines.
Drug: Bocidelpar, Drug: Placebo
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)
tolerability, ASP0367, MA-0211, safety
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Magnesium sulfate as adjuvant analgesia and its effect on opi-ate use of post-operative transplant patients in the pediatric ICU

This study will be a prospective analysis of a post-operative transplant cohort in the PICU to determine whether using magnesium sulfate as an analgesic adjuvant can decrease overall opiate requirement in this patient population. It will indirectly also look at opiate-induced side effects, effects on overall PICU course, and applicability/safety of a magnesium infusion in pediatric patients. It is well known that post-operative analgesia in children is one of many challenges faced by surgeons and intensivists, both due to the invasiveness of procedures as well as the biopsychosocial variance in these populations. TPIAT (total pancreatectomy and islet autotransplantation) and liver transplant patients at our institute have protocols designed for their management, part of which includes continuous opiate dosing, other adjuvants (such as tylenol, ketorolac, ketamine), and sometimes paravertebral nerve blocks. All of these medications, despite their benefits, come with their own unique side effect profile. Opiates remain no stranger to this, in addition to a distinct growing shortage nationwide. Magnesium sulfate has been cited as a potential source of adjuvant analgesia by its action on the NMDA receptor. Pediatric populations where magnesium has shown potential analgesic benefit include post-tonsillectomy, post-osteotomy (cerebral palsy), post-operative scoliosis repair, sickle cell, and hsevere headache management. Literature also supports use in adult populations, which includes more expansive operative cohorts. Added benefit of magnesium is its overall safety profile (symptoms not present until levels significantly above normal indices), cost-effectiveness, and incidental overall prevalence of hypomagnesemia within PICU populations. We plan to implement a magnesium therapy protocol to all of our liver and TPIAT transplant children in the pediatric ICU with dosing that has been used both efficaciously (in comparison to available adult data) and safely (in comparison to other pediatric studies). This will be done via a bolus dose in the operating room followed by infusion dosing for the next 48 hours. Magnesium levels will be checked serially to ensure they remain below toxic levels. We will track opiate dosage metrics throughout their post-operative ICU admission, as well as other secondary outcomes listed elsewhere. The control will be a retrospective chart review of the same primary and secondary outcome measures from previous post-transplant patients in this PICU. The study protocol has been approved by the U.S Food & Drug Administration, which will also be involved in monitoring of the study.

Gwenyth Fischer
All
3 Years to 18 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04812028
STUDY00005974
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Inclusion Criteria:
Experimental Group:
• Be scheduled for and receive a liver transplant or total pancreatectomy and islet cell autotransplantation Control Group:
• Received a liver transplant or total pancreatectomy and islet cell autotransplantation.
Exclusion Criteria:
Experimental Group:
• Pregnant or unwilling to abstain from sex if not practicing birth control during participation in the study.
• Presence of a condition or abnormality that in the opinion of the Investigator would compromise the safety of the patient or the quality of the data.
• Known allergic reactions to components of the MgSO4
• History of heart block or myasthenia graves in past medical history.
• Presence of cardiac pacemaker
• Any patient with preoperative creatinine level > 1.5x upper limit of normal. Control Group:
• Any patient who had filed as research-exempt (opt-out of research previously).
• Any patient with preoperative creatinine level > 1.5x upper limit of normal.
Drug: Magnesium sulfate
Postoperative Pain
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Adaptive Phase II Study to Evaluate the Safety & Efficacy of NaBen®

All
12 Years to 17 Years old
Phase 2/Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT01908192
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Male or female subjects who are between 12 and 17 years of age inclusive
• Physician confirmed DSM-IV or -V diagnosis of schizophrenia based on MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Schizophrenia and Psychotic Disorders Studies for Children and Adolescents, version 6.0 (MINI-KID, Version 6.0)
• Are clinically stable with residual symptoms, defined as a total score of ≥ 60 of PANSS and a score of ≥ 40 for SANS
• An unchanged antipsychotic medication regimen for at least eight (8) weeks prior to randomization into the study and expected to remain unchanged during the study (longer for depot or long-acting antipsychotics: ten (10) months for Aripiprazole (Maintena®) and Paliperidone (Xeplion®); six (6) months for Olanzapine pamoate monohydrate (Zypadhera®); and at least 6 times duration of the reported half life or minimum four (4) months for other depot or long-acting antipsychotics)
• In good general physical health and all physical exam, neurological exam and laboratory assessments (urine/blood routine, biochemical tests and ECG) are clinically unremarkable per the investigator
• Subject has a negative urine illicit drug screening test
• Subject understands and is willing to sign the Informed Assent Form (IAF) prior to study entry and agrees to be available for all the study visits
• The subject's guardian understands and is willing to sign the Informed Consent Form (ICF) prior to study entry and agrees to be available for all the study visits
• Must not be a danger to self or others and must have family support available to be maintained as outpatients
Exclusion Criteria:

• Meets the DSM-IV or -V criteria at screening for mental retardation, dissociative disorder, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, autistic disorder, or primary substance induced psychotic disorder. Other comorbid disorders; e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are allowed as long as schizophrenia is the primary diagnosis and the comorbid disorder(s) do not require medication.
• Subjects whose illness was resistant to antipsychotics according to prior trials of two different antipsychotics of adequate dose
• History of epilepsy, head trauma, or neurological illness other than Tourette's syndrome
• History of allergic reaction to sodium benzoate
• Serious medical illnesses such as acute or chronic renal disease, liver failure or heart disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the conduct of the study.
• Current substance abuse or positive urine illicit drug screening or history of substance dependence (including alcohol, but excluding nicotine and caffeine) in the past three (3) months.
• Use of depot antipsychotics in the past six (6) months
• Inability to follow protocol
• Body Mass Index (BMI) > 35
• Female subjects who are pregnant (as confirmed by urine pregnancy test performed at screening Visit) or are nursing, or who do not agree to abstinence or birth control during the study
• Cancer within the last three (3) years except for basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma
• Previous participation in an intervention trial within 30 days of randomization
• Subjects whose PANSS score has decreased more than 10 percent during the Screening Phase
Drug: NaBen®, Drug: Placebo
Schizophrenia
Sodium Benzoate, Schizophrenia, Adolescent, Antipsychotic, Anti-psychotic, NMDA, NaBen, pediatric
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SEVENFACT® for Bleeding Events in Hemophilia With Inhibitors

All
12 Years to 65 Years old
Phase 4
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04647227
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Have a diagnosis of hemophilia A or B with inhibitors.
• Be 12 - 65 years of age inclusive
• Be capable of understanding and willing to comply with the conditions of the protocol or have a legal guardian who is capable of understanding and complying with the conditions of the protocol
• Have read, understood, and documented written informed consent/assent
• Be able to provide medical evidence through prior medical history of previous inhibitor levels
• Be willing and able to use the ATHN mobile application or a paper diary to document BEs and medication usage
Exclusion Criteria:

• Have a disorder of hemostasis in addition to Hemophilia A or B
• Have a known or suspected intolerance or hypersensitivity to SEVENFACT® or its ingredients
• Have a known allergy or hypersensitivity to rabbits or rabbit proteins
• Are receiving prophylactic treatment for bleeding with a drug or biologic that is not approved for this use by the FDA
• Have had implantation of an investigational medical device within the prior 6 months
• Have received an investigational drug within 30 days of the baseline visit
• Have an elective surgical procedure planned during the duration of their participation in the study*
• Have any life-threatening disease, or other disease or condition which, in the investigator's judgment, could pose a potential hazard to the patient or interfere with study participation or study outcome (e.g., a history of non responsiveness to bypassing products or thromboembolic disease)
• Should a participant require an unplanned surgery, the participant will not be withdrawn from the study unless the investigator deems it necessary. Instead, the participant will receive standard of care treatment as determined by the attending physician. If the participant is not withdrawn from the study, the participant's participation in the study will be paused until the investigator feels it is safe for them to continue.
Drug: coagulation factor VIIa [recombinant]-jncw
Hemophilia A With Inhibitor, Hemophilia B With Inhibitor
Hemophilia A, Hemophilia B, bleeding event, prophylactic treatment
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A community-based exercise program to improve walking outcomes in patients with peripheral artery disease

Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) have significant walking impairment and a decreased quality of life. This is in part due to the classic symptom of PAD called claudication. Patients describe claudication as pain, aching, and cramping in the leg muscles during walking that goes away with rest. Walking exercise in supervised hospital settings is a primary therapy, however, these programs are unavailable due to a number of issues (e.g., no reimburesement, proximity to clinics). Programs of exercise in community settings are ineffective, largely due to primarily advice given by providers for patients to go home and walk. Thus, successful community-based walking exercise programs for PAD are needed. We will test the hypothesis that PAD patients randomized to an exercise program in the community setting incorporating training, monitoring, and coaching (TMC) components commonly used in supervised exercise programs will improve peak walking time (PWT) (the length of time a patient can walk on a graded treadmill) compared with control group patients who only receive the standard of care (upfront advice to walk). Secondary hypotheses include a significant improvement in patient perceived quality of life and a significant increase in volume of physical activity for patients who complete community-based walking exercise when compared with controls. Exploratory hypotheses include an improvement in PWT for patients who receive community exercise in addition to revascularization (a procedure that opens up the arteries of the legs; a standard treatment composed of endovascular therapy or open surgery for PAD provided separately from this study). Specifically, we will explore 1) patients receiving a combination of endovascular therapy (e.g., stenting, angioplasty) and community-based walking exercise, 2) open surgery and community-based walking exercise and compare outcomes to 3) patients who do not receive endovascular therapy or open intervention regardless of randomization to exercise or control groups.

Ryan Mays
Clinical Outcomes Research
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02075502
1612M01961
Peripheral Artery Disease
claudication, community walking exercise, community-based participatory research, endovascular therapy, exercise adherence
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MT2020-06: A PHASE 1/2 STUDY TO EVALUATE THE SAFETY, TOLERABILITY, AND EFFICACY OF JSP191 FOR HEMATOPOIETIC CELL TRANSPLANTATION CONDITIONING TO ACHIEVE ENGRAFTMENT AND IMMUNE RECONSTITUTION IN SUBJECTS WITH SCID

Phase 1: To evaluate the safety and tolerability of JSP191 and to determine Phase 2 doses of JSP191 as a conditioning agent prior to allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in two populations of subjects with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID): • SCID subjects with history of prior allogeneic HCT but with poor graft function • SCID subjects who are HCT-naïve Phase 2: • To evaluate the efficacy of JSP191 conditioning to enable engraftment of allogeneic CD34+ hematopoietic cells, as determined by CD15+ donor myeloid chimerism • To evaluate the efficacy of JSP191 conditioning to enable immune reconstitution determined by the production of naïve T cells

Christen Ebens
All
3 Months and over
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02963064
STUDY00010559
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Key
Inclusion Criteria:
All patient groups must have:
• Typical SCID as defined by Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortia including but not limited to the following subtypes:
• T-, B+, NK-: IL-2Rcγ deficient, JAK3-deficient
• T-, B-, NK+: RAG1/2 deficient, Artemis-deficient
• T-, B+, NK+: IL7Rα deficient, CD3 subunit deficient, CD45 deficient OR Variant SCID with absent or low T cell function, Omenn syndrome, Leaky SCID, Reticular dysgenesis, Adenosine deaminase deficiency, and Purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency may be included after consultation with the medical monitor.
• Patients with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched related or unrelated donors
• Adequate end organ function as defined in study protocol Key
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with any acute or uncontrolled infections
• Patients receiving any other investigational agents, or concurrent biological, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy
• Patients with active malignancies
• Active GVHD within 6 months prior to enrollment, or on immunosuppressive therapy for GVHD
Biological: Humanized anti-CD117 Monoclonal Antibody (JSP191)
SCID
Immunodeficiency, Pediatric, SCID, Bone Marrow Transplantation, GVHD, Stem Cells, Chimerism, Transplant, BMT
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Study of HST5040 in Subjects With Propionic or Methylmalonic Acidemia (HERO)

All
2 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04732429
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Confirmed diagnosis of symptomatic PA or MMA (Mutase)
• Ages ≥ 2 years old.
• History of Inadequate metabolic control while receiving standard of care (SoC).
• Plasma MCA concentration > 3x upper limit of normal of the reference range at screening.
• Stable supplementation dose of carnitine for at least 1 week prior to the entry in the study.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Moderate-to-severely impaired cardiac function with LVEF < 45% by ECHO.
• Clinically significant arrhythmia by Holter monitor.
• QTcF > 450 msec
• Moderate to severe chronic kidney disease with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73m2.
• Exposure to any investigational therapy, apart for a COVID-19 vaccine, within the past 6 months prior to study entry.
• Exposure to gene therapy for PA or MMA at any time prior to study entry.
• History of organ transplantation (Part A and B only)
• History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions to any of the components of HST5040.
Drug: HST5040, Drug: Placebo
Methylmalonic Acidemia, Propionic Acidemia
Methylmalonic Acidemia, Propionic Acidemia, Organic Acidemia, Inborn errors of metabolism, PCCA, PCCB, Propionyl-coenzyme A carboxylase, MMUT, Methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, Metabolic disease, Genetic disease, HemoShear
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STUDY OF PHIL?? EMBOLIC SYSTEM IN THE TREATMENT OF INTRACRANIAL DURAL ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULAS

Arteriovenous fistulas are a type of arteriovenous malformation whereby blood is shunted directly from the arterial system to the venous system, bypassing the capillary bed. Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) are a rare type of acquired intracranial vascular malformation consisting of a pathologic shunt located within the dura mater of the brain. 1 These lesions have been categorized by Awad et al 2, Borden et al 3, and Cognard et al 4 according to their locations and patterns of venous drainage. Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) can be observed anywhere on the dural layer meninges of the cranium and spine. This condition accounts for 10-15% of all intracranial arteriovenous malformations diagnosed. 5 These fistulas can be congenital or acquired diseases. When observed as acquired diseases, they are most often encountered in males between the age of 50 and 60 years old. DAVFs present with a wide spectrum of symptoms or none at all, and come with varying range of risk of clinical sequalae. A thorough evaluation of the anatomy and venous drainage is crucial to determining the best treatment strategy. Acute presentation with intracranial hemorrhage occurs in up to 65% of patients, and patients with a previous intracranial hemorrhage may have up to a 35% risk of another neurologic event within 2 weeks. 6 Endovascular embolization has become the primary treatment approach for DAVFs. The goal of endovascular therapy is to achieve complete obliteration of the fistulous point between the feeding arteries and the draining veins. This can be safely accomplished by occluding the draining veins, which often results in complete closure of the lesion, unlike in cerebral arteriovenous malformations. The PHIL® device is a non-adhesive liquid embolic agent comprised of a Triiodophenol-(lactide-co-glycolide) acrylate and hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) co-polymer dissolved in DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide). An iodine component is chemically bonded to the co-polymer to provide a radiopacifier element during fluoroscopic visualization. The PHIL® Liquid Embolic System consists of a sterile, pre-filled, 1.0 mL syringe of PHIL® liquid embolic, a sterile, prefilled 1.0 mL syringe of DMSO, and microcatheter hub adaptors. Intracranial dAVFs may produce a wide variety of symptoms. Individual risk is evaluated by a precise analysis of the venous drainage. The decision to treat is based on this analysis. Treatment strategy is decided by a multidisciplinary neurovascular team and must consider the individual risk of each dAVF. Embolization is, in most cases, proposed as the first treatment option and often succeeds to obtain a complete and definitive cure of the dAVF. Surgery may be required in some locations or in the case of embolization failure. Radiosurgery is rarely indicated because it is not always efficient and because of the time required for shunt obliteration and the risk of bleeding in this period. Liquid embolics have distinct characteristics that make them a principle treatment option in the obliteration of dAVFs. They can flow through complex vascular structures so that the surgeon does not need to target the catheter to every single vessel. 10 There is little choice available in the US market for the liquid embolic treatment of dAVF. Currently, nBCA (TRUFILL n-Butyl Cyanoacrylate, Cordis) and Onyx (Medtronic) are the only liquid embolic agents available. Both are approved by FDA for presurgical embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformations. However, they have been used off-label for dAVFs. This use demonstrates the unmet medical need for the patients suffering with dAVFs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of PHIL in the management of intracranial dural AVFs.

Ramu Tummala
Phase I/II
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03467542
STUDY00003548
Arteriovenous Dural Fistula
Arteriovenous, Dural, Fistula, Intracranial, Liquid Embolic
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A Multicenter Observational Study of GammaTile Surgically Targeted Radiation Therapy (STaRT) in Intracranial Brain Neoplasms

The primary objectives of this prospective non-interventional (NI) study are to evaluate real-world clinical outcomes and patient reported outcomes (PRO) that measure the effectiveness and safety of GammaTilesTM (GT). Data will be used to 1) benchmark clinical outcomes of GT therapy, 2) allow for comparisons of these outcomes to published clinical outcomes in the target population treated with standard of care (SOC) treatment(s), and (3) test for non-inferiority of surgical bed recurrence-free survival to current identified SOC for recurrent metastatic tumors and recurrent meningiomas as well as test for non-inferiority of mean overall survival for recurrent high grade gliomas.

Clark Chen
All
Not specified
NA
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04427384
STUDY00010689
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients who undergo maximum safe resection of intracranial neoplasm(s) AND implantation of GammaTiles.
• Willing and able to provide informed consent and to participate in all evaluations.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Inability to undergo pre-operative and post-operative imaging for disease and implant assessment.
• Major medical or psychiatric illness, which, in the investigator's opinion would prevent completion of treatment, ability to complete assessments at the time of enrollment, and/or interfere with follow ups.
• Lack of English language fluency sufficient to allow for completion of neurocognitive and QOL tests (which are in English).
Device: GammaTile
Brain Tumor, Recurrent, Brain Tumor, Brain Tumor, Primary, Brain Tumor - Metastatic, Brain Tumor, Adult: Glioblastoma, Brain Tumor, Adult Meningioma
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Clinical Study of Cannabidiol in Children and Adolescents With Fragile X Syndrome (RECONNECT)

This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple-center study, to assess the efficacy and safety of CBD administered as ZYN002, a transdermal gel, for the treatment of children and adolescent patients with FXS. Qualified male and female patients with FXS will enter a two-week single-blind placebo lead-in period. Following the placebo lead-in, patients meeting randomization criteria will receive double-blind treatment for 16 weeks. The study will be comprised of a Screening visit and a combination of seven onsite (face-to-face) and virtual study visits. Approximately 204 male and female patients, ages 3 to < 18 years, will be randomized 1:1 to either trial drug or placebo. Randomization will be stratified by gender (male, female), methylation status (complete, partial), and by weight (≤50 kg, >50 kg).

All
3 Years to 17 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04977986
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Male or female children and adolescents aged 3 to < 18 years, at the time of Screening.
• Judged by the Investigator to be in generally good health at Screening based upon the results of medical history, physical exam, 12-lead ECG and clinical laboratory test results. -Laboratory results outside the reference range must be documented as not clinically significant by both the Investigator and Sponsor.
• Participants must have a diagnosis of FXS through molecular documentation of full mutation of the FMR1 gene documented through genetic testing at Screening.
• Patients with a history of seizure disorders must currently be receiving treatment with a stable regimen of no more than two anti-seizure medications (ASMs) for the four weeks preceding study Screening; or must be seizure-free for one year if not currently receiving ASMs.
• Patients taking psychoactive medication(s) should be on a stable regimen of not more than three such medications for at least fours weeks preceding Screening and must maintain that regimen throughout the study. Psychoactive medications include (but are not limited to) antipsychotics, antidepressants, anxiolytics, attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications, and medications for sleep.
• If patients are receiving non-pharmacological, behavioral and/or dietary interventions, they must be stable and have been doing so for three months prior to screening.
• Patients have a body mass index between 12-30 kg/m2 (inclusive).
• Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at the Screening Visit and a negative serum or urine pregnancy test at all designated visits.
• Patients and parents/caregivers must be adequately informed of the nature and risks of the study and given written informed consent prior to Screening.
• Patients and parents/caregivers agree to abide by all study restrictions and comply with all study procedures, and in the Investigator's opinion, are reliable and willing and able to comply with all protocol requirements and procedures.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Females who are pregnant, nursing or planning a pregnancy; females of childbearing potential and male patients with a partner of childbearing potential who are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method of contraception as outlined below for the duration of therapy and for three months after the last dose of study medication. Standard acceptable methods of contraception include abstinence (defined as refraining from heterosexual intercourse from screening to three months after the last dose of study medication) or the use of a highly effective method of contraception, including hormonal contraception, diaphragm, cervical cap, vaginal sponge, condom, spermicide, vasectomy, or intrauterine device. The reliability of sexual abstinence needs to be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (calendar, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) is not an acceptable method of contraception.
• History of significant allergic condition, significant drug-related hypersensitivity, or allergic reaction to any compound or chemical class related to ZYN002 or its excipients.
• Exposure to any investigational drug or device less than or equal to 30 days prior to Screening or at any time during the study.
• Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or total bilirubin levels greater than or equal to 2 times the upper limit of normal or alkaline phosphatase levels greater than or equal to 3 times the upper limit of normal.
• Use of cannabis or any THC or CBD-containing product within 3 months of Screening Visit or during the study (aside from ZYN002).
• Patient has a positive drug screen, including ethanol, cocaine, THC, barbiturates, amphetamines (unless prescribed), benzodiazepines (except midazolam or comparable administered for blood draws and ECG collection), and opiates.
• Patient is using the following AEDs (medications for the treatment of seizures and/ or epilepsy): clobazam, phenobarbital, ethosuximide, felbamate, carbamazepine, phenytoin, or vigabatrin.
• Patient is using a strong inhibitor/inducer of CYP3A4 or sensitive substrate of CYP3A4 including but not limited to the following medications: midazolam (except single doses administered for the purposes of obtaining blood samples and ECG's), oral ketoconazole, fluconazole, nefazadone, rifampin, alfentanil, alfuzosin, amiodarone, cyclosporine, dasatinib, docetaxol, eplerenone, ergotamine, everolimus, fentanyl, halofantrine, irinotecan, lapatinib, levomethadyl, lumefantrine, nilotinib, pimozide, quinidine, ranolazine, sirolimus, tacrolimus, temsirolimus, toremifene, tretinioin, vincristine, vinorelbine, St. John's Wort, and grapefruit Juice/products.
• Patients may not be taking any benzodiazepines (except single doses administered for the purposes of obtaining blood samples and ECGs) at screening or throughout the study.
• Patient is expected to initiate or change pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic interventions during the course of the study.
• Patient has an advanced, severe, or unstable disease that may interfere with the study outcome evaluations.
• Patient has acute or progressive neurological disease, psychosis, schizophrenia or any other psychiatric disorder or severe mental abnormalities (other than FXS) that are likely to require changes in drug therapy or interfere with the study objectives or ability to adhere to protocol requirements.
• Patient has a positive result for the presence of HBsAg, HCV, or HIV antibodies.
• Patient has known history of cardiovascular disease, advanced arteriosclerosis, structural cardiac abnormality, cardiomyopathy, serious heart rhythm abnormalities, coronary artery disease, cardiac conduction problems, exercise-related cardiac events including syncope and pre-syncope, risk factors for Torsades de pointes (TdP) (e.g., heart failure, hypokalemia, family history of Long QT Syndrome), or other serious cardiac problems.
• Any clinically significant condition or abnormal findings at the Screening Visit that would, in the opinion of the Investigator, preclude study participation or interfere with the evaluation of the study medication.
• Any skin disease or condition including eczema, psoriasis, melanoma, acne, contact dermatitis, scarring, imperfections, lesions, tattoos, or discoloration that may affect treatment application, application site assessments or absorption of the trial drug.
• History of treatment for, or evidence of, drug abuse within the past year.
• Previous participation in a ZYN002 study (with the exception of patients who were screen failures in Study ZYN2-CL-016 and did not enter Study ZYN2-CL-017).
• Patient responds "yes" to Question 4 or 5 on the C-SSRS (Children) during Screening or at any time on study.
Drug: ZYN002 - transdermal gel, Drug: Placebo
Fragile X Syndrome
Human Genetics and Inherited Disorders, Other human genetics and inherited disorders
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HEM-POWR: Observational Study Evaluating Effectiveness and Safety of Real-World Treatment with Damoctocog alfa pegol in Previously Treated Patients with Hemophilia A (HEM-POWR)

Multinational, open-label, prospective, non-interventional, multicenter, cohort study. The objectives of this study are to assess the effectiveness and long term safety of prophylaxis with damoctocog alfa pegol in the real-world setting through the collection of total bleeding events and analysis of the annualized bleeding rate (ABR) in the different prophylaxis regimens (following approved local label or any other regimen prescribed by the physician as part of normal clinical practice) in patients with hemophilia A. The analyses will be stratified, based on severity of hemophilia, severity of patient bleeding profile, disease characteristics, prophylaxis regimen, age, and time on treatment (i.e., damoctocog alfa pegol-naive or not).

Joan Beckman
All
Not specified
Post Market Monitoring
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03932201
STUDY00006977
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Diagnosis of hemophilia A.
• Patients previously treated for Hemophilia A.
• Patients without previous history of inhibitors or patients with previous history of inhibitors on standard prophylaxis therapy for at least 1 year prior to study entry.
• No current evidence of FVIII inhibitor or clinical suspicion of FVIII inhibitor.
• Initiation of or currently on damoctocog alfa pegol with any kind of treatment modality (on-demand, prophylaxis, or intermittent prophylaxis).
• Signed informed consent/assent.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Concurrent participation in an investigational program with interventions outside of routine clinical practice.
• Diagnosis of any other bleeding/coagulation disorder other than hemophilia A.
• Contra-indications according to the local marketing authorization.
• Patient on immune tolerance induction (ITI) treatment at the time of enrollment.
Drug: Damoctocog alfa pegol (Jivi, Bay94-9027)
Hemophilia A
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University of Minnesota Transplant Registry

This registry is open for people of all ages who have either received or donated an organ at the University of Minnesota. This study aims to evaluate organ transplant outcomes among people who have been part of the transplant program.

All
Not specified
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT01062581
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Received a transplanted organ at the University of Minnesota
• Living donor who donates an organ at the University of Minnesota
Exclusion Criteria:

• Did not receive a transplant at the University of Minnesota
• Did not donate an organ at the University of Minnesota
Transplant Recipient, Transplant Donation
Recipient, Donor, Organ Transplant, Registry, University of Minnesota
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AtRial Cardiopathy and Antithrombotic Drugs In prevention After cryptogenic stroke

ARCADIA is a multicenter, biomarker-driven, randomized, double-blind, active-control, phase 3 clinical trial of apixaban versus aspirin in patients who have evidence of atrial cardiopathy and a recent stroke of unknown cause. Eleven hundred subjects will be recruited over 2.5 years at 120 sites in the NINDS StrokeNet consortium. Subjects will be followed for a minimum of 1.5 years and a maximum of 4 years for the primary efficacy outcome of recurrent stroke and the primary safety outcomes of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and major hemorrhage other than intracranial hemorrhage.

Benjamin Miller
Phase III
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03192215
STUDY00001759
Stroke
Apixaban, Aspirin, Atrial Cardiopathy, Clinics and Surgery Center (CSC), Cryptogenic stroke, Ischemic stroke
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A One-Year, Multicenter, Non-Interventional, Follow-Up, Safety Study in Subjects Previously Implanted with VC-02TM Combination Product

This is a one-year follow-up study from the parent study; An Open-Label, First-in-Human, Study Evaluating the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of VC-02 Combination Product in Subjects with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Hypoglycemia Unawareness Once a subject completes participation in the parent study with the VC-02 implants and then has all units removed, they will be consented and enrolled into this follow-up study. Clinic visits will occur at the following time points: Day 1, Month 3, Month 6, and Month 12. Visit assessments will include an abbreviated physical exam, vital signs, ultrasound of the areas that were previously implanted, adverse event collection, and limited laboratory assessments. The primary objective is to establish the long-term safety profile of VC-02 through 12 months post-explant. The secondary objective is to evaluate glycemic control following explant.

Melena Bellin
Phase II
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02939118
STUDY00003133
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
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A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Dose-Ranging Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of SPR001 (Tildacerfont) in Adult Subjects with Classic Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

Study SPR001-203 will be a larger, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging study that will investigate the efficacy and safety of up to 52 weeks of treatment with tildacerfont in subjects with classic CAH who have elevated biomarkers at baseline (A4 >1.5x upper limit of normal [ULN] and ACTH >2x ULN) on their current Glucocorticoid regimen.

Kyriakie Sarafoglou
Phase III
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04457336
STUDY00009488
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
Adrenal Disorder, CAH, Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
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HPS-4/TIMI 65/ORION-4: A Double-blind Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial Assessing the Effects of Inclisiran on Clinical Outcomes Among People With Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

The HPS-4/TIMI 65/ORION-4 study aims to provide evidence about both the efficacy and safety of inclisiran. It is intended to be conducted at approximately 150 clinical sites in Europe (primarily in the UK) and North America. Approximately 15,000 participants aged 55 years or older with pre-existing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease will be randomized between inclisiran sodium 300 mg and matching placebo (given by subcutaneous injection on the day of randomization, at 3 months and then every 6-months) in a 1:1 ratio for a planned median duration of about 5 years. Consistent with relevant guideline recommendations for people with vascular disease, it is intended that participants be on intensive background LDL-lowering therapy (for example, atorvastatin 40 or 80 mg daily, simvastatin 40 or 80 mg daily, or rosuvastatin 20 or 40 mg daily) at screening. In order to achieve a target LDL cholesterol reduction of at least 1.2 mmol/l [45 mg/dL], it is intended to recruit a study population with a mean LDL cholesterol of at least 2.6 mmol/l [100mg/dL] at baseline.

Les Forgosh
18 Years and over
Phase III
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03705234
STUDY00009102
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Inclusion Criteria:
History or evidence of at least one of the following: Prior MI; or Prior ischemic stroke; or Peripheral artery disease as evident by prior lower extremity artery revascularization or aortic aneurysm repair.
Exclusion Criteria:
None of the following must be satisfied (based on self-reported medical history): Acute coronary syndrome or stroke less than 4 weeks before the Screening visit or during the Run-in period; Coronary revascularization procedure planned within the next 6 months; Known chronic liver disease; Current or planned renal dialysis or transplantation; Previous exposure to inclisiran or participation in a randomized trial of inclisiran; Previous (within about 3 months), current or planned treatment with a monoclonal antibody targeting PCSK9, or with a drug known to be contra-indicated with inclisiran (none currently known); Known to be poorly compliant with clinic visits or prescribed medication; Medical history that might limit the individual's ability to take trial treatments for the duration of the study (e.g. severe respiratory disease; cancer or evidence of spread within approximately the last 5 years, other than non-melanoma skin cancer; or history of alcohol or substance misuse) or may put the individual at significant risk in the opinion of the investigator (or their authorised deputy) if he/she were to participate in the trial; Women of child-bearing potential, current pregnancy, or lactation; Current participation in a clinical trial with an unlicensed drug or device; or Staff personnel directly involved with the study and any family member of the investigational study staff.
Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease, Heart & Vascular
Cardiovascular, Cholesterol, Heart Disease, Inclisiran, LDL Cholesterol, Lipid, PCSK9, RNA interference
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A Phase 1/2 Study of the Oral RET Inhibitor LOXO-292 in Pediatric Patients with Advanced RET-Altered Solid or Primary Central Nervous System Tumors; Protocol Number: LOXO-RET-18036 (J2G-OX-JZJJ) (LIBRETTO-121)

This is an open-label, multi-center, Phase 1/2 study of oral LOXO-292 in pediatric patients with an activating RET alteration and an advanced solid or primary CNS tumor.

Emily Greengard
All
6 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03899792
STUDY00008874
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Advanced or metastatic solid or primary CNS tumor which has failed standard of care therapies
• Evidence of an activating RET gene alteration in the tumor and/or blood
• Measurable or non-measurable disease
• Karnofsky (participants 16 years and older) or Lansky (participants younger than 16) performance score of at least 50
• Participant with primary CNS tumors or cerebral metastases must be neurologically stable for 7 days prior and must not have required increasing doses of steroids within the last 7 days
• Adequate hematologic, hepatic and renal function.
• Ability to receive study drug therapy orally or via gastric access
• Willingness of men and women of reproductive potential to observe conventional and effective birth control
Exclusion Criteria:

• Major surgery within two weeks prior to planned start of LOXO-292
• Clinically significant, uncontrolled cardiac, cardiovascular disease or history of myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to planned start of LOXO-292
• Active uncontrolled systemic bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic infection
• Clinically significant active malabsorption syndrome
• Pregnancy or lactation
• Uncontrolled symptomatic hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism (i.e. the participant required a modification to current thyroid medication in the 7 days before start of LOXO-292)
• Uncontrolled symptomatic hypercalcemia or hypocalcemia
• Known hypersensitivity to any of the components of the investigational agent, LOXO-292 or Ora-Sweet® SF and OraPlus®, for participants who will receive LOXO-292 suspension
• Prior treatment with a selective RET inhibitor(s) (including investigational selective RET inhibitor[s])
Drug: LOXO-292
Medullary Thyroid Cancer, Infantile Myofibromatosis, Infantile Fibrosarcoma, Papillary Thyroid Cancer, Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Loxo, LOXO-292, KIF5B-RET, M918T, CCDC6-RET, RET-PTC1, NCOA4-RET, RET-PTC, RET-PTC3, RET-PTC4, PRKAR1A-RET, RET-PTC2, GOLGA5-RET, RET-PTC5, ERC1-RET, KTN1-RET, RET-PTC8, HOOK3-RET, PCM1-RET, TRIM24-RET, RET-PTC6, TRIM27-RET, TRIM33-RET, RET-PTC7, AKAP13-RET, FKBP15-RET, SPECC1L-RET, TBL1XR1-RET, BCR-RET, FGRF1OP-RET, RFG8-RET, RET-PTC9, ACBD5-RET, MYH13-RET, CUX1-RET, KIAA1468-RET, FRMD4A-RET, SQSTM1-RET, AFAP1L2-RET, PPFIBP2-RET, EML4-RET, PARD3-RET, G533C, C609F, C609G, C609R, C609S, C609Y, C611F, C611G, C611S, C611Y, C611W, C618F, C618R, C618S, C620F, C620R, C620S, C630R, C630Y, D631Y, C634F, C634G, C634R, C634S, C634W, C634Y, K666E, E768D, L790F, V804L, V804M, A883F, S891A, R912P, CLIP1-RET, Y806C, RET fusion, RET alteration, RET mutation, RET rearrangement, RET translocation, Neoplasms by Site, Neoplasms, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Lung Neoplasms, Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung, Cancer of Lung, Cancer of the Lung, Lung Cancer, Neoplasms, Lung, Neoplasms, Pulmonary, Pulmonary Cancer, Pulmonary Neoplasms, Respiratory Tract Neoplasms, Lung Diseases, Respiratory Tract Diseases, Carcinoma, Bronchogenic, Bronchial Neoplasms, Medullary Thyroid Cancer, Papillary Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Diseases, Thyroid Neoplasms, Cancer of the Thyroid, Cancer of Thyroid, Neoplasms, Thyroid, Thyroid Adenoma, Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Carcinoma, Endocrine System Diseases, Endocrine Gland Neoplasms, Head and Neck Neoplasms, Thoracic Neoplasms, CNS tumor, Primary CNS tumor, Colonic Neoplasms, Cancer of Colon, Cancer of the Colon, Colon Cancer, Colon Neoplasms, Colonic Cancer, Neoplasms, Colonic, Malignant tumor of Breast, Mammary Cancer, Mammary Carcinoma, Human, Mammary Neoplasm, Human, Neoplasms, Breast, Tumors, Breast, Human Mammary Carcinoma, Malignant Neoplasm of Breast, Breast Carcinoma, Breast Tumors, Cancer of the Breast, Breast Neoplasms, Breast Cancer, RET Inhibitor, MTC, NSCLC, Soft tissue sarcoma, Infantile Myofibromatosis, Infantile Fibrosarcoma
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Understanding the long term impact of COVID-19 on the brain by advanced MR imaging and spectroscopy

In this study, we want to learn more about what kinds of structural and chemical changes are happening in the nervous systems of people recovering from COVID-19 compared to people who have not been exposed to COVID-19.

Gulin Oz
18 Years and over
NA
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
RAD-2021-29124
STUDY00012571
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Participants must be 18 years or older
• Participants must fall into one of the following groups: a) no known COVID-19 exposure (for controls), or b) laboratory confirmed COVID-19 who present with neurological symptoms in the months after infection and were either 1) non-hospitalized, or 2) hospitalized, but never underwent invasive (tube in throat) ventilation
• Participants must be English or Spanish speaking
• Participants must be able to provide written informed consent
• Participants must be clear of any contraindications for MRI (see exclusions) *Study not registered on Clinicaltrials.gov
Exclusion Criteria:

• Medical conditions likely to interfere with the study, including chronic neurologic conditions (such as Alzheimer disease, Parkinson's disease, ALS, HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder, brain infections, or brain tumors), traumatic brain injury with loss of consciousness, end-stage kidney disease, end-stage liver disease, restless leg syndrome, chronic lung disease unrelated to COVID-19 needing oxygen, history of stroke unrelated to COVID-19, history of bipolar disorder or psychotic illness (such as schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder)
• Individuals who had COVID-19 and required mechanical invasive ventilation
• Pregnant women
• Inability to undergo MRI scanning, including but not limited to claustrophobia, unable to remain still in an MRI scanner for more than 30 minutes, presence of metallic foreign bodies or pacemakers in body, weight over 350 lbs. *Study not registered on Clinicaltrials.gov
Brain & Nervous System, COVID-19
CMRR, COVID-19, Coronavirus, MRI, MRS, SARS-CoV-2, long COVID, long-term, neurological
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A Study of the Drugs Selumetinib Versus Carboplatin/Vincristine in Patients With Neurofibromatosis and Low-Grade Glioma

This study is a randomized phase 3 study comparing selumetinib to Carboplatin and Vincristine (CV) in previously untreated NF1-associated LGG. This study will compare both the event-free survival (EFS) and visual functional outcomes between the 2 randomized arms.

Christopher Moertel, MD
All
2 Years to 21 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03871257
STUDY00008583
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must have a body surface area (BSA) of >= 0.5 m^2 at enrollment
• Patients must have neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) based on clinical criteria and/or germline genetic testing
• Patients must be newly diagnosed or have previously diagnosed NF-1 associated LGG that has not been treated with any modality other than surgery
• For patients with optic pathway gliomas (OPGs):
• Newly-diagnosed patients with OPG are eligible if there are neurologic symptoms (including visual dysfunction, as defined below) or other exam findings associated with the tumor
• Previously-diagnosed patients with OPG are eligible if they have new or worsening neurologic symptoms (including visual dysfunction, as defined below) or have tumor growth
• For both newly-diagnosed and previously-diagnosed OPG, the patient may be eligible, irrespective of whether there has been tumor growth or other neurological symptoms or worsening, if they meet at least one of the following visual criteria:
• Visual worsening, defined as worsening of visual acuity (VA) or visual fields (VF) documented within the past year (by examination or history); OR
• Significant visual dysfunction (defined as VA worse than normal for age by
• 6 logMAR [20/80, 6/24, or 2.5/10] or more in one or both eyes)
• For patients with LGG in other locations (i.e., not OPGs):
• Newly-diagnosed patients with LGG are eligible if there are neurologic symptoms or other exam findings associated with the tumor
• NOTE: Newly-diagnosed patients with LGG without associated neurologic symptoms or exam findings are not eligible
• Previously-diagnosed patients with LGG are eligible if they have new or worsening neurologic symptoms or have tumor growth
• Although not required, if a biopsy/tumor resection is performed, eligible histologies will include all tumors considered LGG or low-grade astrocytoma (World Health Organization [WHO] grade I and II) by 5th edition WHO classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors with the exception of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
• Patients must have two-dimensional measurable tumor >= 1 cm^2
• Patients with metastatic disease or multiple independent primary LGGs are allowed on study
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration Rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR a serum creatinine based on age/gender within 7 days prior to enrollment as follows:
• Age; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 2 to < 6 years; 0.8 (male) and 0.8 (female)
• 6 to < 10 years; 1 (male) and 1 (female)
• 10 to < 13 years; 1.2 (male) and 1.2 (female)
• 13 to < 16 years; 1.5 (male) and 1.4 (female)
• >= 16 years; 1.7 (male) and 1.4 (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age within 7 days prior to enrollment (children with a diagnosis of Gilbert's syndrome will be allowed on study regardless of their total and indirect [unconjugated] bilirubin levels as long as their direct [conjugated] bilirubin is < 3.1 mg/dL)
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN) = 135 U/L within 7 days prior to enrollment. For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
• Albumin >= 2 g/dL within 7 days prior to enrollment
• Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 53% (or institutional normal; if the LVEF result is given as a range of values, then the upper value of the range will be used) by echocardiogram within 7 days prior to enrollment
• Corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 450 msec by electrocardiography (EKG) within 7 days prior to enrollment
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/uL (unsupported) within 7 days prior to enrollment
• Platelets >= 100,000/uL (unsupported) within 7 days prior to enrollment
• Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (may be supported) within 7 days prior to enrollment
• Patients with a known seizure disorder should be stable and should have not experienced a significant increase in seizure frequency within 2 weeks prior to enrollment
• Patients 2-17 years of age must have a blood pressure that is =< 95th percentile for age, height, and gender at the time of enrollment. Patients >= 18 years of age must have a blood pressure =< 130/80 mmHg at the time of enrollment (with or without the use of antihypertensive medications).
• Note: Adequate blood pressure can be achieved using medication for the treatment of hypertension
• All patients must have ophthalmology toxicity assessments performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• For all patients, an MRI of the brain (with orbital cuts for optic pathway tumors) and/or spine (depending on the site(s) of primary disease) with and without contrast must be performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• For patients who undergo a surgery on the target tumor (not required), a pre- and post-operative* MRI of the brain (with orbital cuts for optic pathway tumors) or spine (depending on the site(s) of primary disease) with and without contrast must also be performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• The post-operative MRIs should be performed ideally within 48 hours after surgery if possible
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
• Patients must have the ability to swallow whole capsules
• Patients must have receptive and expressive language skills in English or Spanish to complete the quality of life (QOL) and neurocognitive assessments
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent.
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients must not have received any prior tumor-directed therapy including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or bone marrow transplant. Prior surgical intervention is permitted
• Patients with a concurrent malignancy or history of treatment (other than surgery) for another tumor within the last year are ineligible
• Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
• Patients with any serious medical or psychiatric illness/ condition, including substance use disorders likely in the judgement of the investigator to interfere or limit compliance with study requirements/treatment are not eligible
• Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are not able to comply with the study procedures are not eligible
• Female patients who are pregnant are not eligible since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants are not eligible
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy are not eligible
• Note: Women of child-bearing potential and males with sexual partners who are pregnant or who could become pregnant (i.e., women of child-bearing potential) should use effective methods of contraception for the duration of the study and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy to avoid pregnancy and/or potential adverse effects on the developing embryo
• Cardiac conditions:
• Known genetic disorder that increases risk for coronary artery disease. Note: The presence of dyslipidemia in a family with a history of myocardial infarction is not in itself an exclusion unless there is a known genetic disorder documented
• Symptomatic heart failure
• New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-IV prior or current cardiomyopathy
• Severe valvular heart disease
• History of atrial fibrillation
• Ophthalmologic conditions:
• Current or past history of central serous retinopathy
• Current or past history of retinal vein occlusion or retinal detachment
• Patients with uncontrolled glaucoma
• If checking pressure is clinically indicated, patients with intraocular pressure (IOP) > 22 mmHg or ULN adjusted by age are not eligible
• Ophthalmological findings secondary to long-standing optic pathway glioma (such as visual loss, optic nerve pallor, or strabismus) or longstanding orbito-temporal plexiform neurofibroma (PN, such as visual loss, strabismus) will NOT be considered a significant abnormality for the purposes of the study
• Treatments and/or medications patient is receiving that would make her/him ineligible, such as:
• Supplementation with vitamin E greater than 100% of the daily recommended dose. Any multivitamin containing vitamin E must be stopped prior to study enrollment even if less than 100% of the daily recommended dosing for vitamin E
• Surgery within 2 weeks prior to enrollment, with the exception of surgical placement for vascular access or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diverting procedures such as endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt.
• Note: Patients must have healed from any prior surgery prior to enrollment
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
Drug: Carboplatin, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration, Drug: Selumetinib Sulfate, Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Low Grade Glioma, Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Visual Pathway Glioma
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A Study of the Drugs Selumetinib vs. Carboplatin and Vincristine in Patients With Low-Grade Glioma

The overall goal of this phase 3 non-inferiority study is to assess if selumetinib works as well as the standard treatment using carboplatin and vincristine (called CV) for subjects with low-grade glioma (LGG).

Christopher Moertel, MD
All
2 Years to 21 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04166409
STUDY00009277
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must have a body surface area (BSA) of >= 0.5 m^2 at enrollment
• Patients must have non-neurofibromatosis type 1 (non-NF1) low-grade glioma (LGG) without a BRAFV600E mutation as confirmed by Rapid Central Pathology and Molecular Screening Reviews performed on APEC14B1 (NCT02402244) and that has not been treated with any modality besides surgery. Note: Patients may be newly-diagnosed OR previously diagnosed, and there is no required time frame between biopsy/surgery and treatment initiation.
• Patients with residual tumor after resection or progressive tumor after initial diagnosis (with or without surgery) who have not received treatment (chemotherapy and/or radiation) are eligible
• Patients must have two-dimensional measurable tumor >= 1 cm^2 to be eligible
• Eligible histologies will include all tumors considered low-grade glioma or low-grade astrocytoma (World Health Organization [WHO] grade I and II) by 5th edition WHO classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors with the exception of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
• Patients with metastatic disease or multiple independent primary LGG are eligible
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• Age: Maximum Serum Creatinine (mg/dL)
• 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 mg/dL (male); 0.8 mg/dL (female)
• 6 to < 10 years: 1 mg/dL (male); 1 mg/dL (female)
• 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 mg/dL (male); 1.2 mg/dL (female)
• 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• >= 16 years: 1.7 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment) (children with a diagnosis of Gilbert's syndrome will be allowed on study regardless of their total and indirect [unconjugated] bilirubin levels as long as their direct [conjugated] bilirubin is < 3.1 mg/dL)
• Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment). For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
• Albumin >= 2 g/dL (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 53% (or institutional normal; if the LVEF result is given as a range of values, then the upper value of the range will be used) by echocardiogram (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 450 msec by electrocardiography (EKG) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/uL (unsupported) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Platelets >= 100,000/uL (unsupported) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (may be supported) (performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Patients with a known seizure disorder should be stable and should not have experienced a significant increase in seizure frequency within 2 weeks prior to enrollment
• Patients 2-17 years of age must have a blood pressure that is =< 95th percentile for age, height, and gender at the time of enrollment (with or without the use of anti-hypertensive medications)
• All patients must have ophthalmology toxicity assessments performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• Patients >= 18 years of age must have a blood pressure =< 130/80 mmHg at the time of enrollment (with or without the use of anti-hypertensive medications)
• Note for patients of all ages: Adequate blood pressure can be achieved using medication for the treatment of hypertension
• For all patients, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain (with orbital cuts for optic pathway tumors) and/or spine (depending on the site(s) of primary disease) with and without contrast must be performed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
• Patients must have the ability to swallow whole capsules
• All patients have signed an appropriate consent form and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) authorization form (if applicable)
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All patients have been consented and enrolled on APEC14B1 (NCT02402244) followed by enrollment on the ACNS1833 Pre-Enrollment Eligibility Screening (Step 0) on the same day to complete the Rapid Central Review
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients must not have received any prior tumor-directed therapy including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or bone marrow transplant. Prior surgical intervention is permitted
• Patients with a concurrent malignancy or history of treatment (other than surgery) for another tumor within the last year are ineligible
• Patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine tumors as seen on MRI (> 2/3 of pons involvement on imaging) are not eligible even if biopsy reveals grade I/II histology
• Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
• Patients with any serious medical or psychiatric illness/condition, including substance use disorders or ophthalmological conditions, likely in the judgment of the investigator to interfere or limit compliance with study requirements/treatment
• Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are not able to comply with the study procedures are not eligible
• Female patients who are pregnant are not eligible since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants are not eligible
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy are not eligible.
• Note: Women of child-bearing potential and males with sexual partners who are pregnant or who could become pregnant (i.e., women of child-bearing potential) should use effective methods of contraception for the duration of the study and for 12 weeks after stopping study therapy to avoid pregnancy and/or potential adverse effects on the developing embryo
• Known genetic disorder that increases risk for coronary artery disease. Note: The presence of dyslipidemia in a family with a history of myocardial infarction is not in itself an exclusion unless there is a known genetic disorder documented
• Symptomatic heart failure
• New York Health Association (NYHA) class II-IV prior or current cardiomyopathy
• Severe valvular heart disease
• History of atrial fibrillation
• Current or past history of central serous retinopathy
• Current or past history of retinal vein occlusion or retinal detachment
• Patients with uncontrolled glaucoma
• If checking pressure is clinically indicated, patients with intraocular pressure (IOP) > 22 mmHg or ULN adjusted by age are not eligible
• Supplementation with vitamin E greater than 100% of the daily recommended dose. Any multivitamin containing vitamin E must be stopped prior to study enrollment even if less than 100% of the daily recommended dosing for vitamin E
• Surgery within 2 weeks prior to enrollment, with the exception of surgical biopsy, placement of a vascular access device or cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) diverting procedure such as endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt.
• Note: Patients must have healed from any prior surgery
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
Drug: Carboplatin, Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment, Other: Questionnaire Administration, Drug: Selumetinib Sulfate, Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Low Grade Astrocytoma, Low Grade Glioma, Metastatic Low Grade Astrocytoma, Metastatic Low Grade Glioma
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S1418/BR006, A Randomized, Phase III Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of MK-3475 as Adjuvant Therapy for Triple Receptor-Negative Breast Cancer with > 1 cm Residual Invasive Cancer or Positive Lymph Nodes (>pN1mic) After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Phase III
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02954874
0123456789
Invasive Breast Carcinoma, Stage 0 Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IA Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IB Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IIA Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IIB Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIIB Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIIC Breast Cancer AJCC v7, Triple-Negative Breast Carcinoma
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COG AREN03B2: Renal Tumors Classification, Biology and Banking Study.

• To classify patients (< 30 years old) with renal tumors by histological categorization, surgico-pathological stage, presence of metastases, age at diagnosis, tumor weight and loss of heterozygosity for chromosomes 1p and 16q, to thereby define eligibility for a series of therapeutic studies. • To maintain a biological samples bank to make specimens available to scientists to evaluate additional potential biological prognostic variables and for the conduct of other research by scientists.

Emily Greengard
All
up to 29 Years old
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT00898365
0708M15261
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients with the first occurrence of any tumor of the kidney identified on CT scan or MRI are eligible for this study; histologic diagnosis is not required prior to enrollment but is required for all patients once on study
• Eligible tumors include (but are not limited to):
• Nephroblastic tumors
• Nephroblastoma (Wilms' tumor) (favorable histology, anaplasia [diffuse, focal])
• Nephrogenic rests and nephroblastomatosis
• Cystic nephroma and cystic partially differentiated nephroblastoma
• Metanephric tumors (metanephric adenoma, metanephric adenofibroma, metanephric stromal tumor)
• Mesoblastic nephroma (cellular, classic, mixed)
• Clear cell sarcoma
• Rhabdoid tumor (any malignant rhabdoid tumor occurring outside the central nervous system [CNS])
• Renal epithelioid tumors of childhood (papillary renal cell carcinoma, medullary renal cell carcinoma, renal tumors associated with Xp11.2 translocations, oncocytic renal neoplasms after neuroblastoma)
• Angiolipoma
• Ossifying renal tumor of infancy
• Patients with the first occurrence of the following tumors are also eligible:
• Extrarenal nephroblastoma or extrarenal neprogenic rests
• Malignant rhabdoid tumor occurring anywhere outside the central nervous system
• Required specimens, reports, forms, and copies of imaging studies must be available or will become available for submission and the institution must intend on submitting them as described in the protocol procedures
• For ALL patients, (with exception of bilateral, bilaterally predisposed, multicentric, or unilateral tumor in solitary kidney planning to enroll without biopsy***), the following submissions are required:
• A complete set of recut hematoxylin and eosin (H & E) slides (including from sampled lymph nodes, if patient had upfront nephrectomy)
• * Tissue must be from diagnosis, prior to any renal tumor directed chemotherapy or radiation (only exception is for presumed favorable histology Wilms tumor [FHWT] patients discovered to have diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumor [DAWT] at delayed nephrectomy and plan to enroll at delayed nephrectomy)
• Representative formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue block or if a block is unavailable, 10 unstained slides from a representative block of tumor, if available.
• Tissue must be from diagnosis, prior to any renal tumor directed chemotherapy or radiation (only exception is for presumed FHWT patients discovered to have DAWT at delayed nephrectomy and plan to enroll at delayed nephrectomy)
• Institutional pathology report, Specimen Transmittal Form, and Pre-Treatment Pathology Checklist
• Copies of images and institutional reports of CT and/or MRI abdomen and pelvis, and Pre Treatment Imaging Checklist
• Copies of images and institutional report of chest CT for all malignant tumors
• Institutional surgical report(s) and Pre-Treatment Surgical Checklist
• CRFs: Staging Checklist and Metastatic Disease Form (if metastatic disease is noted on imaging)
• Patients with bilateral, bilaterally predisposed, multicentric, or unilateral tumor in solitary kidney planning to enroll without biopsy via imaging only - these patients will not have central review or have a risk assignment issued, but may contribute to specimen banking for future research. However, if biopsy is done, tissue must be submitted as for other renal tumors, and initial risk assignment will require pathology and surgical rapid central reviews. The Specimen Transmittal Form and Pre Treatment Pathology Checklist are also needed.
• Please note: if the above required items are not received within 120 days of study enrollment, the patient will be considered off study
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Other: Cytology Specimen Collection Procedure, Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Adult Cystic Nephroma, Anaplastic Kidney Wilms Tumor, Angiolipoma, Cellular Congenital Mesoblastic Nephroma, Classic Congenital Mesoblastic Nephroma, Clear Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney, Congenital Mesoblastic Nephroma, Cystic Partially Differentiated Kidney Nephroblastoma, Diffuse Hyperplastic Perilobar Nephroblastomatosis, Extrarenal Rhabdoid Tumor, Kidney Medullary Carcinoma, Kidney Neoplasm, Kidney Oncocytoma, Kidney Wilms Tumor, Metanephric Adenofibroma, Metanephric Adenoma, Metanephric Stromal Tumor, Metanephric Tumor, Mixed Congenital Mesoblastic Nephroma, Ossifying Renal Tumor of Infancy, Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma, Renal Cell Carcinoma, Renal Cell Carcinoma Associated With Xp11.2 Translocations/TFE3 Gene Fusions, Rhabdoid Tumor of the Kidney, Wilms Tumor
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A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter;trial assessing the impact of lipoprotein (a) lowering with;TQJ230 on major cardiovascular events in patients with;established cardiovascular disease (HORIZON)

This is a pivotal phase 3 study designed to support an indication for the reduction of cardiovascular risk in patients with established CVD and elevated Lp(a). The primary objectives of this study is to demonstrate the superiority of TQJ230 compared to placebo in reducing the risk of expanded MACE (cardiovascular death, non-fatal MI, non-fatal stroke and urgent coronary re-vascularization requiring hospitalization) in 1) the overall study population with established CVD (Lp(a) ≥ 70 mg/dL) and/or 2) in a sub-population with established CVD and Lp(a) ≥ 90 mg/dL.

Daniel Duprez
18 Years and over
Phase III
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04023552
STUDY00011204
Cardiovascular Disease and Lipoprotein(a)
Lipoprotein(a), Lp(a),CVD, myocardial infarction, PAD,Stroke, Pelacarsen, Clinics and Surgery Center (CSC)
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The REPLACE Registry

This is a prospective, observational, non-interventional patient registry designed to document product safety and clinical outcomes for 10 years in patients treated with Cholbam/Kolbam, including those who have been using Cholbam/Kolbam for at least one month (existing users) and those who start Cholbam/Kolbam treatment at enrollment (new users). Patients who have been using Cholbam/Kolbam for less than one month and those who had previously been treated and who restart treatment will also be included but will not be counted in the existing or new users groups.

Boris Sudel
All
Not specified
Post Market Monitoring
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03115086
STUDY00003757
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Male and female patients, of any age.
• The patient and/or the patient's parent/legal guardian is willing and able to provide signed informed consent, and the patient, if less than 18 years of age, is willing to provide assent as appropriate and in accordance with local regulatory, IRB, and EC requirements.
• The patient has a diagnosis for which Cholbam is indicated.
• The patient is or will be treated with Cholbam at the time of signing the informed consent form (ICF) (enrollment).
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients who, by judgement of the Investigator, will not be able to comply with the requirements of the protocol will be excluded
Drug: Cholbam
Bile Acid Synthesis Disorders
Bile Acid Synthesis Disorder, Zellweger Spectrum Disorder, Peroxisomal Disorder, Cholic Acid, Cholbam, The REPLACE Registry
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Impact of Very Low Nicotine Content Cigarettes in a Complex Marketplace (CENIC2 Project 1)

This is a Phase III randomized, open label, multi-center study that will examine the impact of very low nicotine content (VLNC) cigarettes in a complex tobacco and nicotine product marketplace simulating a real world environment.

Dorothy Hatsukami
Phase III
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03272685
STUDY00000937
Nicotine Dependence, Tobacco Smoking
Alternative nicotine products, Biomarkers of tobacco exposure, Reduced nicotine cigarettes
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ALX-HPP-501: An Observational,Longitudinal Prospective, Long-term Registry of Patients with Hypophosphatasia

This multinational, multicenter, observational, prospective, long-term registry is designed to collect data on epidemiology, HPP history, clinical course, symptoms (including multi-systemic aspects of disease), and burden of disease from patients of all ages who have a diagnosis of HPP. In addition, the Registry will collect data on asfotase alfa dosing, effectiveness of treatment, SAEs, immunogenicity, pregnancy and neonatal outcome data (for patients treated with asfotasealfa only), and targeted EOI.

Kyriakie Sarafoglou
NA
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02306720
STUDY00004936
Hypophosphatasia (HPP)
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Combined Cortical and Striatal Stimulation for Re-Regulating Circuits of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

The purpose of this investigation is to obtain a preliminary indication of the feasibility, safety and efficacy of combined cortical and subcortical stimulation and recording for treatment-resistant OCD.

Alik Widge
Early Feasibility
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03184454
STUDY00005339
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Clinics and Surgery Center (CSC), OCD, deep brain stimulation, treatment-resistant OCD
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COG AALL1821 - A Phase 2 Study of Blinatumomab (NSC# 765986, IND# 147294) in Combination with Nivolumab (NSC # 748726, IND# 147294), a Checkpoint Inhibitor of PD-1, in B-ALL Patients Aged >/=1 to < 31 Years Old with First Relapse

The overall goal of this study is to determine if treating first relapse B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) with a combination of blinatumomab and nivolumab is more effective than blinatumomab alone.

Peter Gordon
All
1 Year to 30 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04546399
STUDY00012652
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be >= 1 and < 31 years at time of enrollment
• Patients must have first relapse of CD19+ B-ALL (relapse blasts must express CD19) in one of the following categories:
• Isolated bone marrow relapse
• Isolated central nervous system (CNS) (excluding known optic nerve/retinal and CNS chloromas) and/or testicular relapse
• Combined bone marrow with extramedullary relapse in the CNS (excluding known optic nerve/retinal and CNS chloromas) and/or testes
• Patients with Down syndrome (DS) are eligible in the following categories:
• Isolated bone marrow relapse
• Combined bone marrow with CNS (excluding known optic nerve/retinal and CNS chloromas) and/or testicular relapse
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
• Of note, for patients with developmental delay (e.g., Down syndrome) regardless of age, Lansky scale may be substituted for Karnofsky scale. However, the requirement for ECOG 0-2 remains, regardless of known history of developmental delay
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study
• Patients with prior blinatumomab or CD19+ chimeric antigen receptor therapy in the upfront setting will be eligible, provided relapsed lymphoblasts retain CD19 expression
• Radiation therapy (RT): >= 3 months must have elapsed if prior RT. This includes any patient requiring urgent radiation to any sites of extramedullary disease prior to enrollment (e.g. retinal/optic nerve involvement)
• Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT): Patients must not have had a prior hematopoietic stem cell transplant
• A single intrathecal chemotherapy at the time of relapse will be allowed. If < 7 days have elapsed between this intrathecal therapy (IT) and the start of protocol therapy, then the day 1 intrathecal chemotherapy (i.e. methotrexate, cytarabine, or triple intrathecal) may be omitted
• In the 28 days prior to enrollment, up to five days of post-relapse, pre-enrollment therapy (steroid and/or hydroxyurea only) is permissible
• Group 1 and Down syndrome patients who received pre-enrollment therapy and have a white blood count (WBC) >= 30,000/ul at the time of enrollment must receive protocol specified cytoreductive therapy with vincristine and dexamethasone, and no "washout" is required
• Group 1 and Down syndrome patients who received pre-enrollment therapy and have a WBC < 30,000/ul at the time of enrollment must be given a 24 hour "washout" before starting immunotherapy
• Note: There is no waiting period or "washout" for patients who relapse while receiving upfront therapy
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (within 7 calendar days prior to enrollment):
• Age: Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 (male), 0.6 (female)
• 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 (male), 0.8 (female)
• 6 to < 10 years: 1 (male), 1 (female)
• 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 (male), 1.2 (female)
• 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male), 1.4 (female)
• >= 16 years: 1.7 (male), 1.4 (female)
• Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram, or ejection fraction of >= 50% by echocardiogram, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or radionuclide angiogram
• No evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, and a pulse oximetry > 94% if there is clinical indication for determination
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with B-lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LLy)
• Patients with Burkitt leukemia/lymphoma or mature B-cell leukemia
• Patients with Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) B-ALL
• Patients with mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL)
• Patients with known Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
• Patients with known MYC translocation associated with mature (Burkitt) B-cell ALL, regardless of blast immunophenotype
• Patients with active, uncontrolled infection defined as:
• Positive bacterial blood culture within 48 hours of study enrollment
• Receiving IV or PO antibiotics for an infection with continued signs or symptoms. Note: Patients may be receiving IV or oral antibiotics to complete a course of therapy for a prior documented infection if cultures have been negative for at least 48 hours and signs or symptoms of active infection have resolved. For patients with clostridium (C.) difficile diarrhea, at least 72 hours of antibacterial therapy must have elapsed and stools must have normalized to baseline.
• Fever above 38.2 degrees Celsius (C) within 48 hours of study enrollment with clinical signs of infection. Fever without clinical signs of infection that is attributed to tumor burden is allowed if blood cultures are negative for > 48 hours
• A positive fungal culture within 30 days of study enrollment or active therapy for presumed invasive fungal infection
• Active viral or protozoal infection requiring IV treatment
• Patients known to have one of the following concomitant genetic syndromes: Bloom syndrome, ataxia-telangiectasia, Fanconi anemia, Kostmann syndrome, Shwachman syndrome or any other known bone marrow failure syndrome are not eligible. Of note, patients with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load for at least the last 6 months prior to enrollment are eligible. Similarly, hepatitis B and hepatitis C positive patients who have been treated and have no viral detectable burden are also eligible
• Patients with significant central nervous system pathology that would preclude treatment with blinatumomab, including history of severe neurologic disorder or autoimmune disease with CNS involvement
• Note: Patients with a history of seizures that are well controlled on stable doses of anti-epileptic drugs are eligible Patients with a history of cerebrovascular ischemia/hemorrhage with residual deficits are not eligible. Patients with a history of cerebrovascular ischemia/hemorrhage remain eligible provided all neurologic deficits have resolved
• Patients with an active known/suspected autoimmune disease are not eligible. However, patients with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll
• Group 1 and DS patients with known non-hematopoietic, non-CNS/testicular extramedullary disease (i.e., chloromatous disease) are not eligible
• Note: Group 2 and 3 patients with known non-hematopoietic, non-CNS/testicular extramedullary disease (i.e., chloromatous disease) are eligible if this is NOT the only site of relapsed disease
• Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy test result has been obtained within 7 days prior to enrollment. Patients who are sexually active and of reproductive potential are not eligible unless they agree to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of this study. Men with female partners of childbearing potential should use effective contraception during the duration of their treatment. The effect of blinatumomab on fertility has not been evaluated. Blinatumomab is not recommended for pregnant women or women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) not using contraception. Females of reproductive potential must use effective contraception during treatment and for at least 48 hours after the last dose of blinatumomab. Studies in animal models have shown that nivolumab can adversely impair pregnancy. Thus, nivolumab is expected to cause fetal harm during pregnancy. WOCBP receiving nivolumab must continue contraception for a period of at least 5 months after the last dose of nivolumab. It is unknown whether nivolumab is present in breast milk, thus breastfeeding should be discontinued while a patient is receiving nivolumab. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP must continue contraception for 7 months after the last dose of nivolumab
• Lactating females are not eligible unless they agree not to breastfeed their infants. It is unknown whether blinatumomab or its metabolites are excreted in human breast milk. Women are not permitted to breastfeed while receiving blinatumomab and for the last 48 hours after the last blinatumomab dose. Due to the potential for serious adverse reactions in the breastfed infant, women are not permitted to breastfeed during treatment and for 5 months after the last nivolumab dose
Radiation: 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy, Biological: Blinatumomab, Drug: Cyclophosphamide, Drug: Cytarabine, Drug: Dexamethasone, Drug: Etoposide, Drug: Hydrocortisone Sodium Succinate, Drug: Leucovorin Calcium, Drug: Mercaptopurine, Drug: Methotrexate, Biological: Nivolumab, Drug: Pegaspargase, Drug: Thioguanine, Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Down Syndrome, Recurrent B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
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A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of SPR001 (Tildacerfont) in Reducing Supraphysiologic Glucocorticoid Use in Adult Subjects with Classic Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

SPR001-204 will be a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study that will evaluate the potential of tildacerfont to reduce GC burden in adult subjects with classic CAH who have lower limit of detection (LLD) ≤ A4 ≤ 1.5x upper limit of normal (ULN) and are on supraphysiologic doses of GC therapy. SPR001-204 will be the first study of tildacerfont to evaluate GC dose reduction. In addition, Study SPR001-204 will characterize clinical outcomes after up to 52 weeks of treatment with tildacerfont.

Kyriakie Sarafoglou
18 Years and over
Phase II
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04544410
STUDY00011764
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Diabetes & Endocrine
Adrenal Disorder, CAH, Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, congenital adrenal hyperplasia
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