RARE-OB-16: Rare CFTR Mutation Cell Collection Protocol (RARE)
We are doing the RARE study to learn more about Cystic Fibrosis (CF). CF is caused by mutations in a gene that produces a protein called the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). In people with CF, the CFTR does not function correctly. Medications are being developed to help the CFTR function better, but those medications mostly benefit people with common CFTR mutations. There are more than 1,900 mutations of the CF gene. Some of these mutations are rare and found only in a few people. The goal of this research study is to collect specimens (blood, nasal cells, rectal cells) from people with rare CFTR mutations. Another purpose of this study is to create induced pluripotent stem cells or iPS cells. “Pluripotent” stem cells are cells that can be changed into almost any cell type of the body (such as lung or intestine). They can be kept alive and stored indefinitely. There are different kinds of pluripotent stem cells. Inducted pluripotent stem cells can be created from many different kinds of specimens (such as blood, nasal cells, rectal cells). This is different from embryonic stem cells, which can only be derived from embryos. The specimens collected during this study and iPS cells created from them will be stored for use in future research to learn more about CF and study the effect of new medications. This could identify new medications that may help people with rare CFTR mutations.
• Male or female ≥ 12 years of age at time of consent
• Documentation of a CF diagnosis as evidenced by one or more clinical features consistent with CF and one or more of the following criteria (1. Sweat chloride ≥ 60 milliequivalents/Liter (mEq/L) by quantitative pilocarpineiontophoresis test (QPIT) OR upon permission of the RARE Investigator- Sponsors, 2. Two well-characterized mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductive regulator (CFTR) gene,
• Abnormal nasal potential difference (NPD) (change in NPD in response to a low chloride solution and isoproterenol of lessthan -6.6 mV)
• Confirmed genotype of the current recruitment focus for certain target rare mutations. The initial recruitment focus will be CF patients who are homozygous for pre-mature stop codons. Operations Memos will detail any future current genotype targets.
• Written informed consent (and assent when applicable) obtained from participant or participant's legal representative and ability to comply with the requirements of the study.
• Willing to travel (if needed) to a regional study site for cell collection.
• Presence of a medical condition, abnormality, or laboratory value(s) that in the opinion of the onsite principal investigator and/or collaborating gastroenterologist may compromise the quality of the data or place the subject at significant risk by undergoing the research related biopsy, including: Significantly diseased distal rectal/GI tissue that could place the participant at risk by participating in the study (as judged by the collaborating gastroenterologist, such as significant hemorrhoids, vascular abnormalities, colonic infection, radiation injury or history of radiation therapy to the rectum, prostate and/or pelvic area) Any of the following abnormal lab values at the study visit: i. Platelets < 50 x 103/µL ii. Hemoglobin < 10 gm/dL iii. Hematocrit < 30% iv. WBC > 20 x 103/µL v. Neutropenia (ANC < 1.5 x 103/µL) vi. Lymphopenia (absolute lymphocyte count < 1.5 x 103/µL) vii. PT/INR > 1.5 viii. Other bleeding diathesis
• Positive pregnancy test (for female of childbearing potential) at the study visit.
• Breastfeeding (if patient opts to use sedation).
• Current use of drugs with significant risks of compromising immunity (e.g. oral steroid use >20 mg/day) for >14 days prior to the rectal biopsy.
• History of organ transplant.
• Use of oral anticoagulant medications (e.g., chronic anticoagulant therapy such as warfarin or platelet inactivators such as aspirin) within seven days prior to rectal biopsy.
• Unable or unwilling to withhold use of oral anticoagulant medications (e.g., chronic anticoagulant therapy such as warfarin or platelet inactivators such as aspirin) within 7 days after rectal biopsy.
Clinics and Surgery Center (CSC)