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Longitudinal Study of Urea Cycle Disorders

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This study is seeking individuals with urea cycle disorders. The study aims to perform a long-term analysis of individuals with a UCD.

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This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
Inclusion Criteria:

• Diagnosis of NAGS deficiency, defined as the detection of a pathogenic mutation, and/or decreased (less than 20 % of control) NAGS enzyme activity in liver ,and/or hyperammonemia and first degree relative meets at least one of the criteria for NAGS deficiency
• Diagnosis of CPS I deficiency, defined as decreased (less than 20 % of control) CPS I enzyme activity in liver, and/or an identified pathogenic mutation, and/or hyperammonemia and first degree relative meets at least one of the criteria for CPS I deficiency
• Diagnosis of OTC deficiency, defined as the identification of a pathogenic mutation, and/or less than 20% of control of OTC activity in the liver, and/or elevated urinary orotate (greater than 20 uM/mM) in a random urine sample or after allopurinol challenge test, and/or hyperammonemia and first degree relative meets at least one of the criteria for OTC deficiency
• Diagnosis of AS deficiency (Citrullinemia), defined as a greater than or equal to 10-fold elevation of citrulline in plasma, and/or decreased AS enzyme activity in cultured skin fibroblasts or other appropriate tissue, and/or identification of a pathogenic mutation in the AS gene, and/or hyperammonemia and first degree relative meets at least one of the criteria for AS Deficiency
• Diagnosis of AL deficiency (Argininosuccinic Aciduria, ASA), defined as the presence of argininosuccinic acid in the blood or urine, and/or decreased AL enzyme activity in cultured skin fibroblasts or other appropriate tissue, and/or identification of a pathogenic mutation in the AL gene, and/or hyperammonemia and first degree relative meets at least one of the criteria for AL Deficiency
• Diagnosis of ARG deficiency (Hyperargininemia), defined as a greater than or equal to 5-fold elevated arginine levels in the blood, and/or decreased arginase enzyme levels in red blood cells or other appropriate tissue, and/or identification of a pathogenic mutation in the ARG gene, and/or hyperammonemia and first degree relative meets at least one of the criteria for ARG Deficiency
• Diagnosis of HHH Syndrome or ORNT deficiency, defined as a greater than or equal to 5-fold elevated plasma ornithine and homocitrulline levels in the urine, and/or a pathogenic mutation, and/or less than 20% residual labeled ornithine incorporation into protein in cultured fibroblasts, and/or hyperammonemia and first degree relative meets at least one of the criteria for HHH Syndrome or ORNT Deficiency
• Diagnosis of CITR deficiency (Citrullinemia Type II), defined as elevated citrulline levels in the blood and a pathogenic mutation and/or hyperammonemia and first degree relative meets criteria for CITR Deficiency
• Pending diagnosis of a UCD (UCD highly likely), defined as laboratory values highly suggestive of a UCD with symptomatic hyperammonemic episodes but without a verifiable diagnosis
Exclusion Criteria:

• Hyperammonemia caused by an organic academia, lysinuric protein intolerance, mitochondrial disorder, congenital lactic academia, fatty acid oxidation defects, or primary liver disease
• Rare and unrelated comorbidities (e.g., Down's syndrome, intraventricular hemorrhage in the newborn period, and extreme prematurity)

Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn, Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors, Urea Cycle Disorders

Urea, Inherited metabolic disorders

sfinder@umn.edu
N/A
NCT00237315
See this study on ClinicalTrials.gov

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