Plasticity of motor systems in early stage Parkinson's disease


The purpose of this project is to provide new knowledge of the relationship between structural and functional changes in cortico-basal ganglia pathways and the severity of motor and non-motor deficits in humans with PD.

I'm interested

18 Years and over
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
Inclusion Criteria:
Inclusion Criteria For PD Group:
• Diagnosis of Parkinson's disease
• Not taking medication to treat Parkinson's
• Age: 21-75 years.
• Able to walk independently Inclusion Criteria For Control Subject Group:
• Age and sex matched to participants with PD.
• Able to walk independently
Exclusion Criteria:
Exclusion criteria for PD group:
• Dementia diagnosis
• History of musculoskeletal disorders
• History of bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder or major depressive disorder.
• Other significant neurological disorders that may affect participation or performance in the study.
• Implanted DBS or other neurosurgeries to treat PD.
• Pregnant women.
• History of seizures, epilepsy, stroke, multiple sclerosis, or traumatic brain injury
• Intracranial metallic or magnetic devices (e.g. cochlear implant, deep brain stimulator)
• Pacemaker or any implanted device
• History of surgery on blood vessels, brain, or heart
• Unexplained, recurring headaches or concussion within the last six months
• Severe hearing impairment Exclusion Criteria for Control subject Group:
• Same as exclusion criteria of PD group

Brain & Nervous System


Joshua De Kam -
Colum MacKinnon