PROmote weight loss in obese PAD patients to preVEnt mobility Loss: The PROVE Trial


More than 65% of people with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) are overweight or obese. Overweight or obese people with PAD have greater functional impairment and faster functional decline than normal weight people with PAD. Walking exercise is first line therapy to improve walking performance in PAD. However, our NHLBI-funded observational longitudinal study of functional decline in PAD showed that overweight and obese PAD participants who combined weight loss with walking exercise had significantly less functional decline than those who walked for exercise but did not lose weight. Therefore, we hypothesize that among people with PAD who are overweight or obese, a weight loss intervention combined with exercise will improve walking ability more than exercise alone. However, the effects of intentional weight loss in overweight or obese people with PAD are unknown and may not be beneficial if weight loss exacerbates PAD-related sarcopenia. Behavior change that achieves sustained weight loss is particularly challenging in older obese people with chronic disease. Therefore, among people with PAD and BMI>28 kg/m2, we will conduct a randomized clinical trial to test the hypothesis that a weight loss intervention combined with walking exercise achieves greater improvement in functional performance than exercise alone at 12-month follow-up.

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Overweight or Obesity, Peripheral Artery Disease

Quynh Dao -
Diane Treat-Jacobson
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